Realms of Gold: A Catalogue of Maps in the Library of the American Philosophical Society
Part II: Printed Maps -

(9 items)
© American Philosophical Society
105 South Fifth Street * Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386
Table of contents Abstract
Realms of Gold overview

Murphy D. Smith created this guide to the map holdings of the American Philosophical Society in 1991. The guide is divided into four main sections:

The bulk of the maps described are found within the printed maps section, which is further subdivided by geographic location. The printed guide was digitized in 2005 and supplemented by the addition of a significant number of digital images of the maps described. These digital representations are maintained in JPEG2000 format, an emerging standard for image compression. Each entry for which there is a corresponding scan features a small thumbnail that links to the JPEG2000 image. Not every map in the collection was scanned for this project. Inventories of all the digitized maps may be found in the following locations:

Scope and content
The printed maps are arranged geographically according to the Dewey Decimal System. Each major subdivision is presented as a unique page as follows:

The printed maps are arranged in the order in which they were catalogued, which for the most part follows the Dewey Decimal area classification system. Within a given area or country they are arranged chronologically. "Wheat numbers" are given for maps cited in James Clement Wheat and Christian F. Brun's Maps and charts published in America before 1800. A bibliography. The printed maps are described as follows as the information warrants:
  • Date (date of reproduction is used for facsimiles)
  • Title or description (supplied titles are bracketed)
  • Number of pieces (if more than one)
  • Scale
  • Cartographer(s)
  • Engraver(s)
  • Size (neat line, plate impression, or size of paper; unless otherwise noted, measurements are taken from neat lines)
  • Inset(s)
  • Coloring
  • Provenance
  • Note (cross-references, bibliographical references, etc.)
  • Wheat number
  • Call number

Administrative information

Processing information
Murphy D. Smith created the original guide 1991; Ellen Foster edited the online version in 2005.

Contact information
American Philosophical Society
105 South Fifth Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386


  Sponsor:Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation
Detailed inventory

The Arctic

92. [Circular map of the arctic regions]. N.p.: [ca. 1790].
[ca. 1790]. Size: 24 cm. diameter. (171: [ca. 1790]: Ar21oce Small)

Endorsed: Late eighteenth-century hand: North Pole.
Contains: Mr. Hearn's "Rout" in 1771 from Fort Churchill.
Published for William Guthrie, Atlas to his system of geography. The Transactions (vol. 6) state that Carey presented the "Materials from which Guthrie's Geography were compiled." This is one of those maps. See: William Guthrie, The general atlas for Carey's edition of his geography improved. Philadelphia: Carey: 1795 [1 May 1795].

Provenance: Presented by Mathew Carey, 18 October 1805.

93. Arctic Sea. Baffin Bay. Sheet 1. 1853. London: Hydrographic Office of the Admiralty. Corrected to 1855. [London]. 1855.
Engraver: J. & C. Walker.
1855. Size: 63.3 x 48.5 cm. (171: 1855: Ar27bab Large)

Insets: Omenak Fiord; and Disko Bay.
There are ten engravings of capes, inlets, islands, etc.

94. Chart exhibiting the discoveries of the Second American Grinnell Expedition in search of Sir John Franklin. Unrevised from the original material and projected on the spot. E. K. Kane. Deposited 15 November 1855.
Cartographer: E. K. Kane.
Engraver: Julius Bien.
15 November 1855. Scale: 2.8 cm. = 10 mi. Size: 89 x 56.2 cm. (172.3: 1855: G895exp Large)

Provenance: Presented by E. K. Kane.

95. Arctic Sea. Melville Sound. Sheet II. 1856. [London]: 1856 [26 May 1856].
Engraver: J. & C. Walker.
26 May 1856. Size: 63.7 x 49.7 cm. (171: 1856: Ar27mvs Large)

96. Chart showing the discoveries tracks and surveys of the Arctic Exploring Expedition of 1860 and 1861. I. I. Hayes, M.D., commanding. Newly projected from revised materials discussed for the Smithsonian Institution by Charles A. Schott. Washington: 1865.
Cartographer: Charles A. Schott.
Engraver: H. S. Barnard and A. Petersen.
1865. Scale: 1:1,200,000. Size: 57.8 x 36.2 cm. (171: 1865: Sch67aee Small)

97. The Arctic regions comprising the most recent explorations of Robert E. Peary, Fridtjov Nansen, and F. Jackson, by Prof. Angelo Heilprin. Philadelphia: Geographical Society of Philadelphia: 1897.
Cartographer: Angelo Heilprin and J. W. Ross.
1897. Size of page: 45 x 49.5 cm. (170: 1897: H343pnj Small)

98. Arctic Regions [showing bank ice, cold currents & warm currents]. N.p.: [ca. 1900].
[ca. 1900]. Size of paper: 26.9 x 23.1 cm. Colored. (171: [ca. 1900]: Ar21npc Small)

99. Polar regions Baffin Bay to Lincoln Sea, showing the recent discoveries and routes of exploration of Civil Engineer Robert E. Peary U.S.N. together with the work of earlier explorers. Based on the chart of the Hydrographic Office. Washington: 1903.
Cartographer: F. B. Greene.
1903. Size: 48.2 x 44.2 cm. Colored. (176: 1903: P316bbL Small)

To accompany Bulletin, vol. IV, no. 1, Geographical Society of Philadelphia.
"The name United States Coast, designating the most northernly land-mass, was suggested by Commander Perry in letter, Feb. 22, 1904."

100. Physical map of the Arctic. Translated and revised by the American Geographical Society of New York from map in Andrée's Handatlas, 8th edition, 1924. Printed in Germany. Copyright, 1929, by the American Geographical Society of New York. New York: 1929.
1924. Size of page: 46 x 58.6 cm. Scale of main map: 1:20,000,000. Colored. (170: 1924:Am31phy Small)

Insets: Novaya Zemlya, Jan Mayen Island, Bear Island, Ice Fiord (Spitsbergen), Spitsbergen and Bear Island, Franz Josef Land, Eastern Greenland, Bering Strait, Northernmost Greenland, Southern Greenland, and Smith Sound to Robeson Channel.