Realms of Gold:
A Catalogue of Maps in the Library of the American Philosophical Society
Images from Manuscript Maps

© American Philosophical Society
105 South Fifth Street * Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386
Table of contents Abstract
Realms of Gold overview

To accompany the digitization of Murphy Smith's Realms of Gold: A Catalogue of Maps in the Library of the American Philosophical Society, the APS selected and scanned more than 100 maps from its collections. These maps were converted to JPEG2000 format, an emerging compression standard, to accomodate their large sizes. Each thumbnail included in this guide links to its corresponding JPEG2000 version.

The complete guide to holdings is divided into four sections. To view these inventories, use the following links:

Scope and content
The manuscript maps are ordered alphabetically by name of collection, and chronologically within each collection. Manuscript maps have two numbers: the collection entry number, followed by the number of the map within the collection set in parentheses. For instance, the maps in the Lewis and Clark journals (entry number 28) are 28 (1), 28 (2), 28 (3), etc. Manuscript maps are described as follows as the information warrants:
  • Name of Collection
  • Date (date of reproduction is used for facsimiles)
  • Title or description (supplied titles are bracketed)
  • Number of pieces (if more than one)
  • Scale
  • Cartographer
  • Size of paper
  • Colored
  • Provenance
  • Note (publication, cross-references, bibliographic references, etc.)
  • Call number

Contact information
American Philosophical Society
105 South Fifth Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106-3386


  Sponsor:Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation
Detailed inventory

20.Henry, Mathew Schropp. English-Lenni Lenape dictionary.

Henry was interested in the American Indian and corresponded with members of the Society on the subject. Also, he compiled an English-Lenni Lenape, Lenni Lenape-English dictionary. He drew the following maps, and carefully cited the original maps from which these were taken. He then inserted Indian place names, etc. on them.

20 (2)[Delaware Bay].
Cartographer: Mathew S. Henry.
n.d. Size: 21.6 x 19.7 cm.

20 (3)Delaware Bay and River.
Cartographer: Mathew S. Henry.
n.d. Size: 47.6 x 21.6 cm.

20 (4)[Delaware River].
Cartographer: Mathew S. Henry.
n.d. Size: 22.9 x 19.7 cm.

20 (5)Discoveries and expeditions of Sir Walter Raleigh in America.
Cartographer: Mathew S. Henry.
n.d. Size: 15.9 x 20.3 cm.

20 (6)[Long Island, New York].
Cartographer: Mathew S. Henry.
n.d. Size: 25.4 x 40 cm.

29.Lindsay, John, earl of Crawford. Military journals and papers.

These maps are in four volumes of the papers of British soldier John Lindsay, earl of Crawford and Lindsay (1702-1749). A Scotsman, he fought all over Europe. He was a captain in the British army and was permitted to join the Imperial army under Prince Eugene. In 1738 he received the rank of general from the Czarina Anna and fought against the Turks. He returned to the imperial forces and continued to fight until the Peace of London of 1748. Much of these manuscript volumes, other than the maps, were reproduced by Richard Rolt, Memoirs of the life of the Right. Hon. John Lindsay, Earl oj Crawford and Lindsay (London: 1753) and an 1843 three-volume edition contains the same. Many of the maps are not reproduced in these volumes, due doubtlessly to the expense involved.
The maps were drawn by Henry Kopp, secretary and draughtsman for Lord Crawford. They are inscribed to George II, king of England; Lord Loudoun, etc. The volumes are titled: 1. Miscellaneous papers relating to the wars in Europe, 1681-1737; 2. Journal of a campaign with the Russian army against Turkey, 1739; 3. Journal of a voyage from the Thames to Russia, and of campaigning with the Russian army, 1738-1739.
The actual dates on which the maps were drawn is conjectural. These volumes were most probably prepared for Earl Crawford between 1743 and 1747 so they could be better seen and studied in the family's muniment room.
The volumes were once the property of Benjamin Franklin and were purchased at the sale of his library in 1803.


[Journal of a campaign with the Russian army against Turkey, 1737-1739].

29 (39)Plan der action zwischen Cornia and Carischa, 23 June - 4 July 1738.
Cartographer: Henry Kopp.
[1743-47]. Size: 88.9 x 40.6 cm. Colored. (947: J82)

Attached is: Plan von der Schantze zu Mehadia . . .

32.Individually Catalogued Manuscript Maps (Not in Collections)

Although most of the Library's manuscript maps are parts of collections, there are almost one hundred individual manuscript maps which were catalogued and filed with the Library's collection of printed maps.

32 (3)[Middle Atlantic states, showing rivers and mountains and location of sea shells on the tops of the mountains].
Cartographer: John Bartram.
[1750s] Size: 31 x 38 cm. (650: [ca.1750s]: At61mvc Small)

As early as 1741, John Bartram sent some fossil sea shells to Sir Hans Sloan; other shells were sent to his London friend Peter Collinson in 1742. He wrote to Collinson in 1743 or 1744 that he had observed such fossils everywhere, "even on the top of the mountain that separates the waters of Susquehanna and St. Lawrence." (William Darlington, Memorials of John Bartram and Humphry Marshall [Philadelphia: 1849], p. 169.) Bartram was used to making rough maps of his travels and he made no pretense of being a competent surveyor. He apologized to Collinson for a map which he said was "Clumsily done, —having neither proper instruments nor convenient time," since he was drawing by the early light of dawn or by candlelight.
Franklin wrote his friend Jared Eliot on 16 July 1747 of Bartram's discoveries:
The great Apalachian Mountains, which run from York [Hudson] River back of these Colonies to the Bay of Mexico, show in many Places near the highest Parts of them, Strata Sea Shells, in some Places the marks of them are in the solid Rocks. 'Tis certainly the Wreck of a World we live on! We have Specimens of those Sea shell Rocks broken off near the Tops of those Mountains, brought and deposited in our Library [the Library Company of Philadelphia] as Curiosities. If you have not seen the like, I'll send you a Piece. (The Papers of Benjamin Franklin [New Haven: Yale University Press: 1961], vol. 3, p. 169.)
The endorsement on the back reads, in Franklin's hand: "Mr. Bartram's Map very curious."

Provenance: Presented by Benjamin Franklin.

32 (6)Sketch of the action on the heights of Charles Town 17 June 1775, between his magestys troops under the command of M. General Howe & a large body of American rebel's.
Cartographer: Henry de Berniere and H. Dearborn.
1775. Size: 34.7 x 51.2 cm. Colored. (644: 1775: D325 chm Small)

Annotated: "The parts in red are corrections of the original by Maj. Gen. Dearborn."
The signature of J. V. N. Throop is on the map. Printed version is in the same folder.

32 (9)[Plan of Yorktown, Virginia, depicting the armies when Cornwallis surrendered].
Cartographer: Sebastian Bauman.
22-28 October 1781. 3 pieces (preliminary drafts). Sizes of paper: 44.3 x 56.8 cm; 31.7 x 43.5 cm; 30.5 x 43.7 cm. Colored. (654: 1781: B321ytv Small)

The disposition of the troops and fleets are carefully delineated. This map was published in Philadelphia in 1782.

Provenance: Presented by Richard Randolph, 7 October 1831.

32 (10)Les deux parties française et espagnol de St. Domingue réduites en triangles, lieues marines carrées et carraux de cent pas sur cent d'après la carte gravée sur une plus grande échelle . . . Madrid.
Cartographer: Juan Lopez.
1784. Scale: 50 Lieues marines de 2851½ toises chacune ou 4888 2/7 Pas. Size: 32.6 x 37.9 cm. Colored. (724: 1784: L885fed Small)

Annotated: "Explication des base, perpendiculaire et surface de chaque triangle: Calcul des deux parties de St. Domingue et islots adjacents: Résultat en lieues marines carrées et en carrouse de cent pas carrés."

32 (11)Mapa de las cerc de Mexico que comprehende todos sus lugares y rios, las lagunos de Tescuco, Chalco, Xochimiles, Ste. Christobal Zumpago . . .
Cartographer: Juan Lopez.
1785. Scale: Leguas de une hora de camino a de 20 al grada. Size: 37.2 x 40 cm. (707: 1785: L885mmr Small)

This map contains the names of the lagoons, rivers, mountains, towns, etc.

32 (14)The [state of] New Jersey according to the best authorities.
1793. Scale: 1 degree = 69½ British miles. Size: 59 x 21.5 cm. (648: 1793: N466suj Large)

A note in the folder reads: "Nota Bene. This map should be used with discretion for the following reasons. . . ." See also information furnished by Lewis M. Haupt, 16 March 1917 (typescript with the maps).

32 (21)Map of the Tennassee government, formerly part of North Carolina. Taken chiefly from surveys by Gen. D. Smith & others.
Cartographer: David Smith.
[1795]. 2 pieces. Scale: 1 inch = 14 miles. Size: 33.7 x 83.7 cm. (662: [1795]: Sm5.3 Small)

Knoxville and Nashville are shown, as well as public roads, Indian boundaries, Indian towns, etc. The width of the river is in yards.
The American Philosophical Society Transactions (vol. 6) state that Mathew Carey presented the "Materials from which Guthrie's Geography was compiled," on 18 October 1805. This is part of that gift.

Provenance: Provenance:Presented by Mathew Carey, 18 October 1805.

32 (38)Plan de la baye, ville et forts de St. Yago dans l'isle de Cuba. Fait et réduit par G. J. Bois St. Lys.
Cartographer: G. J. Bois St. Lys.
1800. Scale: 2.2 cm. = 200 toises. Size: 48.1 x 63.4 cm. Colored. (723: 1800: S27dsy Large)

This map was acquired with the purchase of a large collection of maps about St. Domingue and other Gulf of Mexico areas from Henry Schenk Tanner on 14 December 1835.

32 (41)Plan de la ville de St. Marc dans l'isle de St. Domingue.
Cartographer: Georges Bois St. Lys.
[ca. 1800]. Scale: 2.6 cm. = 560 toises. Size: 43.7 x 60.1 cm. Colored. (725: [ca.1800]: Sa27pvm Small)

This map was acquired with the purchase of a large collection of maps about St. Domingue and other Gulf of Mexico areas from Henry Schenk Tanner on 14 December 1835.

32 (43)Plan de la ville, des rades et des environs du Port au Prince dans l'isle de St. Domingue.
Cartographer: Georges Bois St. Lys.
[ca. 1800]. Scale: 5.5 cm. = 200 toises. Size: 44.4 x 61.5 cm. Colored. (725: [ca.1800]: Sa27ppd Small)

This map was acquired with the purchase of a large collection of maps about St. Domingue and other Gulf of Mexico areas from Henry Schenk Tanner on 14 December 1835.

32 (66)A sketch of the Muscle Shoals of the Tennessee River. Laid down from a Scale of two Computed Miles to the Inch. The Width of the River being doubled.
Cartographer: James Wilkinson.
1802. Size: 58.6 x 45 cm. Colored. (663: [1802]: M975sms Small)

Annotated: "N.B. The red dots mark the Canoe Track by which I descended. The black, note the deepest channel."
John Vaughan, secretary of the American Philosophical Society, was asked by the Members to get "some further account of it for publication" from the donor. Brown replied on 10 June 1802 that the map "of the Muscle Shoals which you did me the favor to present to the Society, was taken under the direction of Gen[era]l Wilkinson who transmitted it to a friend together with a short description which unluckily was attached to a private confidential letter, from which his correspondent would not even suffer me to make an extract. Gen[era]l Wilkinson will no doubt supply the deficiency on his arrival at Philadelphia."

Provenance: Presented by Samuel Brown, April 1802.

32 (67)[Pennsylvania and neighboring states].
Cartographer: Frederick Pursh.
1807. Size: 36 x 50 cm. Colored. (640.2: [1807]: P376ns Small)

The endorsement on the back reads: "Found by me in a parcel of Plants collected by F. Pursh w[hi]ch made part of ye Lambert Herbarium, & was bought by me in London at the Lambert sale in 1842. Edward Tuckerman."
In 1807 Pursh kept a "Journal of a botanical excursion in the Northeastern parts of Pennsylvania & in the state of New York." The manuscript was found among the papers of his patron, Benjamin Smith Barton, in 1817. It has been published twice: first in Philadelphia in 1869, and then in 1923 for the Onondaga Historical Association, Syracuse, New York, with notes by William M. Beauchamp.
On 3 April 1868 Thomas P. James spoke of various properties of Pursh. He told how the map was drawn and used in the botanical expedition, and he spoke of the history of the map. Asa Gray, the famous botanist, owned it, and wished to present it to the American Philosophical Society and reunite it with the journal. "The Journal and map are now, after a separation of sixty years, united."

Provenance: Presented by Asa Gray, 3 April 1868.

32 (70)Plano del puerto de Guaimas, situado en la costa de Sonora [Mexico] . . . levantado de orden del gobierno en 1819 . . . p[a]r defensa del puerto y puntos adjacentes à la costa . . .
Cartographer: Pedro Celestino Negrete.
1821. Scale: Escale de une milla maritima. Size: 41.9 x 45.2 cm. Colored. (705.3: 1821: N316msg Small)

The bay contains soundings.

32 (71)[Plano] de [Orizava] y Xalapa, en la parte que media des la sierra a la costa . . .
Cartographer: Diego Garcias.
1823. Scale: Escala de neuve legs. del reyno de n.e. de 5000 vars. cadavna. Size: 35.9 x 53 cm. (703.4: 1823: G163xrp Small)

Annotated: "Copiado por Santiago Wilkinson en Mexico."
Projected route from Vera Cruz with distances to Orizaba, Xalapa, etc.

32 (74)Lac Supérieur & autres lieux ou sont les missions des péres de la compagnie de Iesus comprises sous le nom d'Ovtaovacs; Mont Ste. Marie.
1831. Scale: 50 lieues. Size: 54 x 42.5 cm. (626.2: 1831: Su77cd Small)

Annotated: "Facsimile d'une carte attachée à un des volumes des lettres edifiantes pour le Canada dont les Jesuites publierent plus de 40 volumes de 1611 à 1678." (Relations des Jesuites en la Nouvelle France. Paris: Cramoisy: 1632-1673.)
A note reads: "rough fac smilie-this and the Scutcheon above are Well drawned and Engraven."

32 (77)[Susquehanna, Schuylkill and little Schuylkill rivers, in Pennsylvania].
Cartographer: Christian Brobst.
[ca. 1835]. Scale: 0.5 inch = 1 mile. Size of paper: 48.8 x 77.7 cm. (649: [ca.1835]: B781msc Large)

Annotated: "A copy of a Christian Brobst traycing [and] Cattawissa," and, "W[illia]m J. Duane has the original."

32 (81)Cumberland & Frobisher Sts. from a drawing by an Eskimo in 1856 given to Capt. Salter of the Clara of Peterhead.
Cartographer: [Franz Boas].
1856. Size of paper: 51 x 43.8 cm. (617: 1856: C911cfs Small)

See the description of the Boas map in No. 6, above.

32 (84)Section of the lake, river and canal navigation from Lake Superior to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence.
Cartographer: T. E. Blackwell.
[ca. 1869]. Scales: Horizontal: 1 inch = 60 miles; Vertical: 1 inch = 400 feet. Size: 23 x 85.4 cm. Colored. (670: [ca. 1869]: B561Lsg Large)

With this is a water color painting of "Sketch from the Mountain of Montreal shewing part of the plain extending south east & southwards to the Green Mountain Range in eastern townships of Canada and Vermont & the Adirondack Mountain regions of New York. To illustrate Mr. Blackwell's paper on the basin of the St. Lawrence." See: American Philosophical Society Transactions, Series 2, vol. 13 (1869).

32 (97)[Shwemyo district, central Burma. Lat. 20B0 3', long. 96B0 14"].
n.d. In Burmese. Size: 47 x 60 cm. Colored. (457: n.d.: B922shw Small)

Four lines in Burmese in the lower left-hand corner are the key to the colors used in the map. Note on back in Burmese identifies location as Shwemyo district. See letters from E. W. Burlingame and Cecil Hobbs to the American Philosophical Society, June 1914 and 27 January 1961.

38.Peale, Charles Willson. Papers.

Peale is known as "the artist of the American Revolution." He not only painted during that period, but he also was a soldier in the Revolution. He was best known for his museum in Philadelphia, which contained natural history artifacts as well as a gallery of portraits of the major American figures of the Revolution.

38 (1)[New York, showing British and American troop positions].
Cartographer: Charles Willson Peale.
[ca. 1776]. Size: 33.7 x 41.6 cm. (B: P31.50)