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Abstract

Principally on bees and bee-keeping, especially correspondence and official documentation relating to Langstroth's efforts to win legal recognition of his invention of the movable-frame beehive. There are also fragments of an autobiography, newspaper clippings and pamphlets. Correspondents include editors of bee journals, and manufacturers and suppliers of materials for apiaries, as well as other apiarists. Some items of personal correspondence are also included in the collection.

Background note

Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth (25 December 1810-6 October 1895) was a clergyman, teacher, and apiarist. He was born in Philadelphia, and graduated from Yale University in 1831. He was a Congregational pastor in Massachusetts, during which time he married Anne Tucker (1812-1873) and with whom he had three children. In 1848 he returned to Philadelphia to become the principal for a school for young women, when he also entered his avocation for bee-keeping.

In working with various kinds of bee hives, including a movable-frame hive that had been invented by Francis Huber in Switzerland, Langstroth was the first to formulate a different moveable-frame hive that better utilized the "bee space" partly by implementing a top-opening hive. (The "bee space" is a bee-sized gap left between the combs and the hive cover, large enough for bee movement but too small for the bees to create a new comb there.) With his new design, the cover board could be opened without unduly disturbing the bees. It also allowed the apiarist to remove individual combs and to easily examine the condition of the hive to implement corrective measures should they be needed. The construction further allowed for the removal of honey without disturbing the comb, which then allowed the bees re-use of the comb.

Working with cabinetmaker Henry Bourquin in Philadelphia, Langstroth created a complete hive with all-moveable frames, for which he receved a patent on 5 October 1852. Bourquin continued to manufacture these hives for a number of years, which Langstroth sold to other apiarists. However, the design was soon copied and entered even more widespread use, and for years Langstroth unsuccessfully sought to defend these infringements on his patent.

In 1858, Langstroth moved to a ten-acre homesite in Oxford, Ohio, where he took up bee-keeping full time. "Langstroth Cottage" is today a National Historic Landmark, a part of Miami University. Here with his son, James, he sold bees and apiary equipment.

Langstroth also was the author of several books on bee-keeping. During his career he kept in correspondence with numerous publishers of bee-keeping journals as well as other apiary suppliers.

L. L. Langstroth died while about to deliver a sermon in the Wayne Avenue Presbyterian Church, in Dayton, Ohio.

Scope and content

Among the correspondents this collection are represented:

H. Alley, publisher of "American Apiculturalist". Charles Dadant, of Chas. Dadant & Son, apiary suppliers. James Heddon, apiary supplier and publisher of "Bee-Keeper's Quarterly". John Hewitt, of John Hewitt & Co., an apiary supplier in Sheffield, England. Seth Hoagland, of S. Hoagland, apiary supplier. D. A. Jones, of D. A. Jones Ltd., apiary supplier in Ontario. Charles F. Muth, of Chas. F. Muth, apiary supplier and president of the Ohio State Bee-Keepers' Association. Thomas G. Newman, of Thos. G. Newman & Son, apiary suppliers and publisher of the "American Bee Journal". A. I. Root, of A. I. Root, apiary supplier and publisher of "Gleanings in Bee Culture". Samuel Wagner, publisher of the "American Bee Journal". George W. York, of George W. York & Co., apiary suppliers and publisher of the "American Bee Journal".

Collection information

Provenance

Presented by Anna L. Cowan, granddaughter of L. L. Langstroth, through Dr. Jacob Schramm. Accessioned May 1954.

Processing information

Processed by Earle E. Spamer, September 2011.

Separated material

Accompanying this collection are a number of pamphlets, clippings, and a "Scrap Book" containing principally 19th century newspaper and magazine clippings about bee-keeping including items by and about L. L. Langstroth. While most if not all of the clippings to 1895 may have been collected by L. L. Langstroth himself, there is no record in this scrapbook to that effect. At least one 20th century clipping indicates that the scrapbook was added to. This collection is segregated into the APS's holdings of printed-materials, where individual items are separately cataloged. Each must be requested separately through the printed-materials catalog. To see the complete listing, search the printed materials catalog for Call no. 638.14 L26p).

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Autobiographies.
  • Clippings.

Occupation(s)

  • Beekeepers.

Subject(s)

  • Bees.
Collection overview
1854-1895 Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

1852-1888 Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

1871-1873 Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

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See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

  Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

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See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

  4.0 Photograph(s) Request Series
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Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1854-1895 Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

Alley, H.
1892 June 24 1.0 p. Request File
Alley, H.
1892 August 1 3.0 p. Request File
Alley, H.
1892 August 4 1.0 p. Request File
Alley, H.
[189-] August 1 1.0 item Request File

Mailing envelope only. Annotations on envelope: "Alley--Aug 1--reply" and "About 'Punic' Bees".

Baldridge, M. M.
1863 November 2 11.0 p. Request File

Includes 10 p. of copied "important documents" regarding the Otis affair. Copies of correspondence of Martin Metcalf with H. H. Manchester, and of Charles Alexander to Baldridge.

Baldridge, M. M.
1888 January 25 4.0 p. Request File
Baldridge, M. M.
1888 March 9 2.0 p. Request File

"Confidential."

Baldridge, M. M.
1888 March 16 Request File
Baldridge, M. M. [to Cowan, A. L. (Mrs.)]
1894 February 6 4.0 p. Request File
Baldridge, M. M.
1895 August 1 4.0 p. Request File
Baldridge, M. M.
1895 October 3 9.0 p. Request File
Coffin, Charles P.
1889 August 15 4.0 p. Request File
Cook, A. J. [Langstroth to]
1892 July 30 1.0 p. Request File
Cook, A. J.
1895 August 22 2.0 p. Request File
Cowan, Anna L. [to Baldridge, M. M.]
1894 February 15 2.0 p. Request File

"Copy of letter sent."

Cowan, Anna L. [to Charles Dadant & Son]
1887 July 23 4.0 p. Request File

[Copy 1.] Annotation on envelope: "About Pub. Book".

Cowan, Anna L. [to Charles Dadant & Son]
1887 July 23 3.0 p. Request File

[Copy 2, with postscript.] Annotation on letter (Cowan?): "Please preserve this letter, as we have kept an exact cpy ourselves. We do not wish to use it, legally, but simply keep it for our own satisfaction."

Cowan, H. C. [to Charles Dadant & Son]
1887 July 27 4.0 p. Request File

Letter written and signed by A. L. Cowan; "Dictated by H. C. Cowan."

Cowan, Thomas William
1892 July 12 1.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles
1872 January Request File
Dadant, Charles [to Cowan, A. L. (Mrs.)]
1887 July 18 3.0 p. Request File
[Dadant, Charles] [to "Mr. Cowan"?]
1887 August 1 2.0 p. Request File

"Our reasons for mistrusting Lippincott."

Dadant, Charles [to Cowan, A. L. (Mrs.)]
1887 August 1 4.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles
1887 September 30 4.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles [Langstroth to]
1887 October 5 3.0 p. Request File

Letter written on verso of printed forms that acknowledge contributions and solicit additional funds toward construction of new building for the Young Men's Christian Association, Dayton, Ohio.

Dadant, Charles
1887 October 24 2.0 p. Request File

Annotation on envelope: "About an annutity from Dadant[']s".

Dadant, Charles
1887 November 3 2.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles [Langstroth to]
1887 November 8 1.0 p. Request File

"Extract of my letter to Dadant & Son"; re annuity.

Dadant, Charles
1887 December 29, undated 2.0 p. Request File

Letter is noted, "Copy". Verso is undated reply from Ch[arles]. D[adant] headed, "Confidential"; re editorial changes to book.

Dadant, Charles
1888 January 27 2.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles
1888 May 2 2.0 p. Request File

Re: Heddon.

Dadant, Charles [Langstroth to]
1888 May 8 2.0 p. Request File

Re: Heddon.

Dadant, Charles
1891 March 28, undated 2.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles
1892 April 18 1.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles
1892 July 14 1.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles [Langstroth to]
1892 August 1 Request File

Includes brief undated reply from "D&S" on recto.

Dadant, Charles
1892 August 1 2.0 p. Request File
Dadant, Charles
1895 August 8 1.0 p. Request File
Fisher, S. S.
1872 February 6 5.0 p. Request File

Communicates to Langstroth a handwritten copy of "a communication to the Bee Journal": "Honor to whom honor is due", by Ch[arles]. Dadant, January 1872.

Gallup, E.
[1893?] April 7 4.0 p. Request File
Grinnell, James S. [to Mrs. Langstroth]
1872 September 6 4.0 p. Request File
Heddon, James
1888 May 7 1.0 item Request File

Postcard.

Heddon, James
1888 May 14 1.0 item Request File

Postcard.

Heddon, James
[1888?] May 21 7.0 p. Request File
Heddon, James [Langstroth to]
1892 May 26 1.0 p. Request File

Letter marked, "Copy 3"; on verso, "Heddon--Copy".

Heddon, James
1892 May 30 4.0 p. Request File
Heddon, James
[1885 May?] 3.0 p. Request File

Three leaves; two headed "P.S.", one headed "P.S. 2", all with one envelope postmarked 1888 May 21.

Heddon, James
1888 May-June, undated 11.0 p. Request File

Several letters sent in one envelope (?), postmark 1888 June 30. Letters: 1888 May 28 (4 p.), 1888 June 4 (2 p.), 1888 June 7 (1 p.), 1888 June 30 (2 pp.), all on letterhead of "R. Heddon & Son's Real Estate Exchange". Also letter (fragment, last 2 p. only), date undetermined, on letterhead of "Office of James Hedden", apiary supply dealer.

Heddon, James
1892 July 5 5.0 p. Request File
Heddon, James
1892 August 4 3.0 p. Request File
Heddon, James
1895 August 8 5.0 p. Request File
Heddon, James
undated 3.0 leaves. Request File

Folder contains three sheets of blank "Short-hand Dictation" letterhead of James Heddon, apiarian supplies.

Hewitt, John
1892 July 29 1.0 item Request File

Postcard from dealer in Sheffield, England.

Hoagland, Seth
1872 September 23 2.0 p. Request File
Hoagland, Seth
1873 April 5 2.0 p. Request File
Jones, D. A.
1888 March 26 4.0 p. Request File
Kanden, C.
1864 February 10 3.0 p. Request File

Letter in French to "Cher Monsieur"; addressed from France.

King, H. A. [American Bee Journal to]
1871 November 7 3.0 p. Request File

Returns the enclosed manuscript (2 p.), titled, "Supplement to the Bee-Keepers' Journal. Important Testimony! The oath of August, Baron von Berlepsch".

Kleine, G. [to "Most honored Madam"]
1866 September 3 1.0 p. Request File

"Translation from German by J. N. Langstroth". Addressed from Lüethorst [Germany].

Langstroth, A[nne]. T[ucker]. [L. L. Langstroth to]
1854 February 17 7.0 p. Request File

Letter to "Mrs. A. T. Langstroth", Philadelphia, dated in New Orleans.

[Langstroth, L. L.] [to "My dear Madam"]
undated 1.0 p. Request File

Draft.

[Langstroth, L. L.] [to undetermined]
undated 4.0 p. Request File

Draft of letter. Written on three black sheets of printed tract; tract from George S. Wagner, Washington, D.C., "(Confidential.)", a prospectus for private sale of shares in "The American Bee Journal"; blind date printed on tract, "187_".

[Langstroth, L. L.] [to undetermined]
undated 1.0 p. Request File

Page 2 only.

Malin, W. G.
1864 September 24 4.0 p. Request File

Letter apparently incomplete, 4 pages only.

Mann, A. M.
1871 March 27 4.0 p. Request File

Addressed from London. "Private".

Munn, William Augustus [Langstroth to]
1863 October 8 3.0 p. Request File

Certified Copy of Letter from L. L. Langstroth to Col. W. A. Munn"; certified by James Crawford, Justice of the Peace, Oxford Township, Butler Co., Ohio., for Col. W. A. Munn of London. Letter 1 p.

Munn, William Augustus
1863 March 9 2.0 p. Request File

Letter with illustration affixed.

Munn, William Augustus
1863 November 9 4.0 p. Request File

Letter folded and addressed, with postmarks. Letter has no salutation and begins in mid-sentence, indicating that a loose leaf is now absent.

[Multiple letters]
1895 August 6, undated Request File

Copies of letters from Langstroth; written on a single folded leaf:

Baldridge, M. M. [Langstroth to] 1895 August 6

Cowan, T. W. [Langstroth to] >1888; 1895

Muth, Charles F.
1885 November 20 2.0 p. Request File
Muth, Charles F.
1892 May 17 1.0 p. Request File

Accompanied by tract: "Ohio State Bee-Keepers' Association. The Spring Management of Bees, The Marketing of Honey, etc. By Chas. F. Muth." (text of "President's Address"), 7 p.

Muth, Charles F.
1892 August 4 2.0 p. Request File
Muth, Charles F.
1892 August 11 1.0 p. Request File
Muth, Charles F.
1892 August 11 1.0 item Request File

Postcard; follows up letter of same date.

Newman, Thomas G.
1888 February 13; 1888 March 10 4.0 p. Request File

Two pieces of corrspondence, with extended comments on verso, by Langstroth, which could be drafts for correspondence or manuscript for comments to be published in a journal.

Newman, Thomas G.
1888 July 14 1.0 p. Request File
Newman, Thomas G.
1892 May 25 2.0 p. Request File

Notation from Newman on verso: "I enclose Proofs".

Robinson, C. G. [Langstroth to]
1881 March 9 2.0 p. Request File
Root, A. I. [Langstroth to]
1872 January 4 2.0 p. Request File

First two pages of letter only are present.

Root, A. I. [Langstroth to]
1888 May 24 4.0 p. Request File

Edited draft.

Root, A. I. [Langstroth to]
1888 May 23 4.0 p. Request File

Langstroth's text is complete, but torn second leaf shows that some additional text is now absent.

Root, A. I. [Langstroth to]
1888 May 28 4.0 p. Request File

Headed, "Private and Confidential." Rubber stamp on first page: "Answered, May 29 1888 Flo. F."

Root, A. I.
1888 May 29 2.0 p. Request File
Root, A. I.
1888 July 10 1.0 p. Request File
Root, A. I. [Langstroth to]
undated 1.0 p. Request File
Root, A. I. [Langstroth to]
undated 8.0 p. Request File
Root, A. I. [firm]
1892 May 25 3.0 p. Request File

"Dictated by J. T. Calvert." Includes invoice for 6 copies of "Old Unrevised Langstroth". Envelope includes notation about honey and butter purchase, and two quotations from Bible pertaining to honey and to butter.

Root, Ernest R.
1888 May 29, undated 1.0 p. Request File
Root, Ernest R. [Langstroth to]
undated 1.0 p. Request File

"Copy of letter of July 9th to Ernest Root." On verso of sheet is page 2 of another letter to an undetermined recipient; and either a postscript to this letter or the beginning of another letter dated 1888 July 9, recipient not indicated.

Root, Ernest R.
1892 August 1 1.0 p. Request File
Root, Ernest R.
1895 July 23 1.0 p. Request File
Root, Ernest R.
undated 2.0 p. Request File

Page 2 of Root letter only. Verso contains edited portion of a letter by Langstroth.

Smith, Addison M.
1871 March 16 7.0 p. Request File
U.S. Weather Bureau [Langstroth to]
1895 August 30 1.0 p. Request File
[Unsigned]
1871 December 21 4.0 p. Request File
Wagner, Samuel [Langstroth to]
1870 January 20 3.0 p. Request File
Wagner, Samuel [Langstroth to]
1871 February 13 9.0 p. Request File
Wagner, Samuel [Langstroth to]
1871 April 27 5.0 p. Request File
Wagner, Samuel [Langstroth to]
1871 June 16 6.0 p. Request File
Wagner, Samuel [to Fisher and Co.]
1871 October 10 3.0 p. Request File
Wagner, Samuel [Langstroth to]
1871 December 19 4.0 p. Request File
Whitney, E.
1871 March 22 4.0 p. Request File

Annotation on last page: "Read this carefully--and return it when you next writ to us".

Whiting, Thomas
1863 September 14 4.0 p. Request File

Sender in Sheffield, Yorkshire.

Wiley, H. W.
1892 August 2 1.0 p. Request File

"Copy of Wiley's letter to LLL". Variant 1.

Wiley, H. W.
1892 August 2 1.0 p. Request File

"Copy of Wiley's letter to L.L.L." Variant 2.

Wiley, H. W. [Langstroth to]
1892 August 6 2.0 p. Request File
Wiley, H. W. [Langstroth to]
1892 August 22 1.0 p. Request File
[York, George W.]
1892 May 2.0 items Request File

Unmarked galleys: (1) "Introductory Remarks.", signed, "George W. York & Co." (2) "Important Notice.", signed, "Thomas G. Newman." Regarding the sale of "The American Bee Journal" to George W. York and Co.

York, George W.
1892 June 15 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1892 June 30 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1892 July 27 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1892 August 8 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1892 September 21 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1893 July 13 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1893 September 5 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1893 October 23 2.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1894 March 24 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1894 September 22 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1895 January 9 1.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
1895 August 2 2.0 p. Request File
York, George W.
189- 1.0 p. Request File

Page 2 only.

Series II. Legal Papers (excluding Court Documents)
1852-1888 Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

Contract. Charles Dadant & C.P. Dadant with L.L. Langstroth
undated 1.0 p. Request File

Regarding revision and enlargement of Langstroth's "A Practical Treatise on the Hive and Honey Bee".

Contract. L.L. Langstroth with Charles Dadant and C.P. Dadant
1888 January 27 2.0 p. Request File

Reassignment of copyright to Langstroth's "A Practical Treatise on the Hive and Honey-Bee".

Memorandum of Agreement. [and] Assignment. (O'Connor, Elizabeth)
1872 April 5, 1872 June 20 4.0 p. Request File

Regarding reapportionment of share in O'Connor's patent on Improvements in Bee Hives.

Patent
1852 October 5 [1860 July 18] 18.0 leaves. Request File

True Copy of Patent issued to L. L. Langstroth, 5 October 1852, No. 9300, "Improvement in bee-hives". Copy, with Patent Office seal, dated 18 July 1860. Includes minor annotations, presumably as the result of legal investigations; this copy also has the notation, "Exhibit C." with a clerk's(?) signature. SEE ALSO OVERSIZE FILE FOR ACCOMPANYING DRAWING.

Patent. Caveat
1868 March 28 8.0 p. Request File

Transcription. "To the Commissioner of Patents &c Page 16 -- on the mode of constructing Bee Hives".

Patent Notice
undated 28.0 p. Request File

Transcription of the text of Langstroth's patent for Improvement in Bee-Hives.

Power of Attorney. L.L. Langstroth to R. C. Otis
1871 2.0 p. Request File
"To the Commissioner of Patents". Langstroth, Anne T.
1866 July 25 10.0 p. Request File

On behalf of her husband, L. L. Langstroth, whose health "precludes the possibility of his making the necessary statement with regard to the pecuniary profit he has derived from the patent and the means he has used to publish his invention . . . ."

Series III. Legal Papers. Court Documents and Papers
1871-1873 Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

Kidder v. Langstroth & Otis
no date 4.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Eastern District of Wisconsin. Kimball P. Kidder v. Lorenzo L. Langstrtoh and Roswell C. Otis. Notice of Special Matter.

Otis v. Hamlin
1871 February 11 12.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Middle District of Tennessee. Roswell C. Otis v. J. B. Hamlin. Bill in Equity.

Otis v. King
1871 February 8 14.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Bill in Equity.

Otis v. King
1871 May 13 7.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. The Answer of Homer A. King, Defendant, to the bill of complaint of Roswell C. Otis, Complainant.

Otis v. King
1871 August 19 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell c. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1871 August 23 13.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Testimony of Jacob Lowmaster, T. S. Walker, A. J. Flaherty, J. S. Zook, and John McBride.

Otis v. King
1871 November 2 3.0 p. Request Item

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. In Chancery. Stipulation as to Printed Matter.

Otis v. King
1871 November 4 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1871 November 16 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 January 24 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern Ditrict of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 February 21, 27 4.0 p. Request File

L. L. Langstroth correspondence with solicitors Fisher & Fisher.

Otis v. King
1872 February 24 2.0 p. Request File

L. L. Langstroth correspondence with solicitors Fisher & Fisher.

Otis v. King
1872 March 6 16.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Second Amended Answer of Homer A. King, Defendant, to the Bill of Complaint of Roswell C. Otis, Complainant.

Otis v. King
1872 March 29 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. [Notice of examination.]

Otis v. King
1872 March 29 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. [Notice of examination.]

Otis v. King
1782 March 29 3.0 p. Request File

Correspondence, R. C. Otis to solicitors Fisher & Fisher.

Otis v. King
1872 April 1 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 April 11 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. "Agreed Amendment to 2[nd] Amended Ans[wer]."

Otis v. King
1872 April 25 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 April 26 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 April 30 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 May 4 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 May 8 2.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Notice of Examination.

Otis v. King
1872 20.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Second amended answer of Homer A. King, defendant to the Bill of complaint of Roswell C. Otis complainant.

Otis v. King
1872 22.0 p. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. The second amended answer of Homer A. King, defendant, to the bill of Complaint of Roswell C. Otis Complainant. Corrected Copy for Fisher & Fisher.

Otis v. King
undated 8.0 p. Request File

Extract from the "Bienenzietung", no. 9 (May 1852), regarding communication of Berlepsch's sending to the editor "a sample of a hive invented by him". And commentary.

Otis v. King
undated 4.0 p. Request File

Extract from "The Practical Bee Keeper" by John Milton,London, 1851, page 51.

Series IV. Autobiographical Papers
  Request Series
"A Short Autobiography of Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth"
1881 May 6.0 p. Request File

Communicated to Charles Dadant. Incomplete.

Autobiographical notes
1881 March, 1883 July 17 12.0 p. Request File

Communicated to Charles Dadant. "I send you a breif [sic] sketch of my [sic] as requested by the President of the Central Bee-Keeper's Society of Italy."

Autobiographical notes
undated 3.0 p. Request File

Fragmentary notes.

"Autobiography of an Old Preacher and Bee-keeper."
undated 14.0 leaves. Request File

Typescript with holograph emendations.

"Personal Reminiscences of an Old Beekeeper"
undated 100.0 leaves. Request File

Autograph. 100 leaves, enumerated 1-102; leaves 40, 80 absent. Last leaf (p. 102) fragmentary. Leaves 1-7 (p. 1-7) have text on verso that seems to be a different draft, headed (partly damaged), "[Autob]iography of L. L. Langstroth[.] Personal Recollections of an old Clergyman and Bee-Keeper".

Series V. Diaries
  Request Series
Apiary diary fragments
1862 August, 1863 September 4.0 p. Request File
Personal diary fragments
undated 20.0 p. Request File

Three fragmentary personal diaries; dated but not by year.

Series VI. Manuscripts by L. L. Langstroth
  Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

"Comparison of Black and Italian Bees"
undated 3.0 p. Request File
"Experiments in Wintering Bees"
undated 2.0 p. Request File
"For the American Bee Journal"
undated 2.0 p. Request File

". . . the importance of exercising greater care in admitting articles which deal in severe personalities."

Manuscript fragment 1
undated 1.0 p. Request File
Manuscript fragment 2
undated 1.0 p. Request File

Regarding Langstroth's patent. Written on verso of tract, "To those desiring to visit the World's Fair" from McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago.

Manuscript fragment 3
undated 2.0 p. Request File

Regarding hives.

Manuscript fragment 4
undated 4.0 p. Request File

Regarding Munn's hire.

Manuscript fragment 5
undated 7.0 p. Request File

Two manuscripts, re Heddon patent. One paginated 2-7; the other only page 7.

"Pure Honey"
1872 August 22, undated 11.0 p. Request File
Verse
>1882 June 2.0 p. Request File

(1) "Longings for Christ's presence in heaven." 1882 November 25. (2) Two untitled verses; religious content. Written on verso of "War Department Weather Map", "Precipitation Chart for June, 1882."

"Weather Forecasts and the Use of Magnetic Telegraph for predicting storms and saving lives and property, were probably first suggested by L. L. Langstroth"
1895 August 20 5.0 p. Request File
Series VII. Extracts from Publications
  Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

"Homoeopathic Experience" by Dr. C. W. Wolf, Berlin, 1858. [in translation]
undated 8.0 p. Request File
Undetermined source
undated 2.0 p. Request File
Series VIII. Miscellaneous
  Request Series

See also OVERSIZE at end of finding aid.

"Bee Library of the late Rev. L. L. Langstroth."
>1885 October 1.0 p. Request File

Typescript, with handwritten corrections. Sixty-one titles dating to 1579; mostly in chronological order.

Correspondence. Mickwitz, R. to Schramm, Jacob R.
1951 December 2 2.0 p. Request File

Regarding bee-keeping in Finland. Mickwitz is Chairman of "The Langstroth Club (in Finland)".

Stokes, Everard. "Sonnet--To Langstroth".
  1.0 p. Request File

From "Poems of a Bee-Keeper" (Princeton University Press, 1947).

Series IX. Photographs
  4.0 Photograph(s) Request Series

Abstract: A sample of the photographs available from the L. L. (Lorenzo Lorraine) Langstroth papers.

Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth formal portrait
n. d. 1.0 Photograph(s) Request Item

Abstract: Formal portrait mounted on carte de visite.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:4538

Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth, full length, informal, seated outside
  1.0 Photograph(s) Request Item

Abstract: View of Langstroth holding movable-frame beehive, seated on stool, building and plants in background.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:4541

Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth, full length, informal, standing outside
n. d. 1.0 Photograph(s) Request Item

Abstract: Langstroth, standing outside with walking cane, touching tree with left hand, building and trees in background.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:4539

Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth, half length, formal, seated
n. d. 1.0 Photograph(s) Request Item

Abstract: 3/4 view portrait of Langstroth.

Access digital object:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:4540

OVERSIZE
  Request Series
[Series I. Correspondence]
  Request Subseries
Aspinwall, [ ] [Langstroth to]
1888 December 14 1.0 p. Request File
[Series II. Legal Papers]
  Request Subseries
Contract. L.L. Langstroth with Joseph Bealz.
undated 1.0 p. Request File

Regarding Bealz's manufacturing of patented hive forms.

Patent (Drawing)
1852 October 5 [1860 July 18] 1.0 item Request File

Drawing to accompany: True Copy of Patent issued to L. L. Langstroth, 5 October 1852, No. 9300, "Improvement in bee-hives". Copy by U.S. Patent Office, 18 July 1860.

[Series III. Legal Papers. Court Documents and Papers]
  Request Subseries
Otis v. King
1871 November 2 14.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Amended answer. Letterpress.

Otis v. King
1871 November 7 17.0 leaves. Request File

[U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio.] Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Copy of Mrs. Jane A. Townley Deposition as far as taken. Letterpress; pages mechanically enumerated 762, and all odd numbers from 765 through 793.

Otis v. King
1873 April 19 19.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Depositions of Freeman Cary taken on the part of Complainant at Cincinnati, April 19 1873. Letterpress. Page 1 of deposition is absent.

Otis v. King
1873 May 1 14.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Deposition of A[dam]. W. Maxwell taken on the part of Complainant at Cincinnat[i] May 1st 1873. Letterpress.

Otis v. King
1873 May 1 14.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Deposition of A[dam]. W. Maxwell taken on the part of Complainant at Cincinnati May 1st 1873. Letterpress. [Duplicate?]

Otis v. King
1873 May 10 31.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Copy of depositions of Levi Fish and Maria A. Robinson. Letterpress.

Otis v. King
1873 May 14 9.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Testimony taken on the part of Complainant at New York City--14 of May 1873 Letterpress. [Page 3 is duplicated.]

Otis v. King
1873 May 22, 23 33.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Depositions of witnesses taken at Cincinnati May 22nd & 23rd 1873 on behalf of Complainant. Letterpress.

Otis v. King
1873 May 22, 23 36.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Testimony of Witnesses on behalf of Complaintant taken at Cinti May 22 & 23rd 1873. Letterpress.

Otis v. King
1873 May 26 45.0 leaves. Request File

U.S. Circuit Court, Southern District of Ohio. Roswell C. Otis v. Homer A. King. Cross-examination of H. F. Putnam, taken by consent at Cincinnati, Ohio, May 26 - 27 1873. Letterpress (some leaves fragmentary).

Testimonial re court proceedings (?). Written on long, fragile leaves; some recto and verso; one leaf fragmentary. Unsigned.
undated 11.0 leaves. Request File
[Series VI. Manuscripts by L. L. Langstroth]
  Request Subseries
"The Drone says he has been shamefully slandered and demands his day in Court."
undated 4.0 leaves. Request File
"For the Bee Keepers Magazine"
[1881?] 1.0 leaves. Request File
Miscellaneous documents folded together
1860, undated 6.0 leaves. Request File

Various manuscript leaves, including one headed "Recollections of an old Bee-Keeper" [autobiographical]. Annotated slip found with these: "This was all folded together--so left it all together" [presumably when collection was acquired by APS in 1954].

Also included is small printed tract by S. B. Parsons, acknowledging a request for prices for "Italian Bees". Included in the tract is a reprinting of "The Domestication of Italian Bees" from the New-York Evening Post; an excerpt from "Country Gentleman"; and "Extract of a Letter from L. L. Langstroth, dated Feb. 22, 1860" from Bienenzeitung (1859 February 28).

[Series VII. Extracts from Publications]
  Request Subseries
"Advertizement", "Artificial Combs", and "Queen Nursery"
  Request File

On one sheet: [1] "Extracts from 1st edition published at Northamtpon, Mass. May, 1852--Advertizement L.L. Langstroth's Moveable Comb Hive. Patented October 5th, 1852." [2] "Artificial Combs- p. 80". [3] "Queen Nursery- p. 235".

[Series VIII. Miscellaneous]
  Request Subseries
Diploma
1872 April 12 1.0 leaves. Request File

Diploma, in Italian, to "Onorevole Signore", from Associazione Centrale d'Incoraggiamento per l'Apicoltura in Italia (Milano).