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Abstract

The youngest son of Charles Willson Peale, Titian Ramsay Peale was an accomplished artist, naturalist, and explorer. This collection of ink, pencil, and watercolor sketches, with some engravings and lithographs, forms the bulk of Peale's artistic output. The drawings can be grouped into several periods of artistic output: pre-1818 (primarily watercolors of butterflies); from the Stephen Harriman Long Expedition to the American west in 1819-1820, on which Peale traveled as zoologist (there are views of animals, Indians, landscapes, etc.); for his 1821-1838 interlude period, spent primarily on the east coast (insects, animals, moose hunting in Marine, his trip to South America in 1830-1831, coin and medal designs); his period as a naturalist on the worldwide U.S. Exploring Expedition under the command of Charles Wilkes, 1838-1842; from the 1849-1873 period when he sketched around Washington, D. C. and in New Jersey; and there are more than 160 undated sketches of: animal skulls and bones, birds, plants, fish, insects, landscapes, and zoology.

Background note

The youngest son of Charles Willson Peale was born in Philosophical Hall in November 1799 and given the name Titian Ramsay Peale, after a brother who had died in the yellow fever epidemic of 1798. Educated primarily at home, the young Titian Peale took advantage of his family connections to meet some of America's most prominent naturalists and to attend Caspar Wistar's lectures in anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania. A precocious boy, he was apprenticed out at 13 to learn machine manufacturing, but soon returned to take part in the family business, the Philadelphia Museum, learning how to preserve natural historical specimens and take part in management of the museum.

Having inherited his father's artistic, as well as scientific inclinations, Titian Peale began to contribute as an scientific illustrator while still in his teens. His first professional work of note, the six colored plates for the prospectus to Thomas Say's American Entomology (Philadelphia : Mitchell & Ames, 1817), won him a measure of acclaim and election to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. More importantly, it opened the door to further work in natural history. In December of that year, he joined Say, George Ord, and William Maclure on an expedition to the coastal regions of Georgia and Florida, and in 1819, his father helped arrange a spot for him as assistant naturalist on Stephen Harriman Long's expedition to the Rocky Mountains, a particularly productive venture. With Say, George Jessup, and Edwin James, among others, the Long party traveled up the Missouri River in the steamboat Western Engineer, before heading up west along the Platte to the front range of the Rockies. They are credited with being the first scientific surveyors of the region.

Upon returning to Philadelphia in 1821, Peale resumed work at the Philadelphia Museum, completing his field drawings and preparing the specimens collected on the expedition. His artistic output rapidly expanded. Peale executed several drawings of new American birds for Charles Lucien Bonaparte's supplement to Alexander Wilson's American Ornithology (Philadelphia, 1825-1833), and was hired by Say to prepare 54 colored plates for a three-volume American Entomology (Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum, 1824-1828). He exhibited four watercolors at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1822, three from his Long Expedition work, and the fourth of butterflies.

Scientific exploration continued to be a focus for Peale throughout the 1820s and 1830s. In 1825, he returned to south Florida, and from the fall of 1830 through the spring of 1832, he toured the Magdalena River, Colombia, sketching and collecting huge numbers of butterflies and other specimens. His endeavors on these expeditions and his artistic work, more than his relatively few publications, won him election to the American Philosophical Society in 1833 at the young age of 34. The crowning achievement of his career as a naturalist, however, could well have come with his work as assistant naturalist aboard Charles Wilkes' United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842). A circumnavigation of the globe that included stops at places as far flung as Fiji and the Philippines, the northwest Pacific Coast and California, the Wilkes Expedition was one of the most ambitious American expeditions of the mid-century.

Unfortunately for Peale, the Wilkes Expedition was to be a disappointment. A shipwreck in the mouth of the Columbia River cost him his most important specimens, and upon his return to Philadelphia, friction erupted between Peale and Wilkes over credit for the scientific discoveries and publication plans. Peale's Mammalia and Ornithology (Philadelphia: C. Sherman, 1848) appeared in a limited edition in 1848, but was later suppressed by Wilkes, with John Cassin's Mammalogy and Ornithology (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1858) taking its place.

After these experiences and a period of difficulty supporting his family as an artist or naturalist, Peale took a position as an assistant examiner in the U.S. Patent Office in 1849. Though never free of the usual political intrigues associated with a governmental post, he remained in the Patent Office until his retirement in 1873.

During this last portion of his career, Peale continued painting, but took strong interest in photography, both in his work at the Patent Office and outside, and he became a founding member of the Amateur Photographic Exchange Club, the first club of its sort in the United States. His desire to produce a massively illustrated work on the butterflies of North America became his scientific focus, however it was never completed and never made it to press. Peale died in Philadelphia in 1885.

Scope and content

The Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches consist of about 550 pencil drawings, pen and ink sketches, watercolor paintings, and lithographs representing the bulk of Peale's artistic work throughout his career.

Beginning with a series of entomological sketches made for Thomas Say's prospectus when he was 17, the collection includes a particularly strong suite of sketches made on the Long Expedition (1819-1821), less thorough documentation of his expedition to South America (1830-1832) and as a member of the U.S. Exploring Expedition (1838-1842), and a few samples of his work for other naturalists, including Charles Lucien Bonaparte and Thomas Say, and for U.S. mint (1835-1836). There is relatively little to show for Peale's work after the end of the Wilkes Expedition, apart from a few sketches of bison from the 1870s and a series eight small oil paintings of Seven Mile Beach, New Jersey, 1873, and two oils of forest scenes.

Native American Images note : Seventeen original pencil & watercolor sketches by Titian Peale of Oto (Siouan) and Penobscot Indians as drawn during his natural history expeditions of 1819-1821, 1829. The images, incomplete to highly detailed, reflect bison hunts, a village along the Platt River, a bark canoe, and portraits. All have companion negatives and are referenced in the APS Freeman guide to the American Indian. Other sources include: Jessie J. Poesch’s Titian Ramsey Peale, 1799-1885... (1961); The Cabinet of Natural History and American Rural Sports (1830-1834). Other images: ten photocopies of journal sketches from the Library of Congress Peale collection of Oto Indians, engravings of Benjamin West’s painting Penn’s treaty, and an engraving drawn by M.E.D. Brown from a Peale sketch included in the above mentioned The Cabinet of Natural History. Note: check both the Titian Ramsey Peale and Peale-Sellers collections.

With a few exceptions, the entirety of this collection has been digitized. Links to the digital versions of the sketches are included in the inventory. You may also view a gallery of all images here.

  1. Sketches number 16-32 were originally housed in a sketchbook with a cover that read: "T.R. Peale's Entomological Sketch Book 1817. Dr. T. R. Peale, 1106 Girard Street Philadelphia."
  2. Numbers 71-82 are sketches, with some tracings, of bison, probably executed for Peale's 1870s oil panoramas of the west (see Poesch, p.109 figs. 47, 48). They have been placed, arbitrarily, with the drawings of bison Peale executed while on the Long Expedition.
  3. Numbers 178a-m are engravings from Thomas Say's American Entomology,1824-1828. Plates 2,3,5,6,8,9,11-13,15-17, were all drawn by Peale. Plates 1,4,7,10 and 14 (not present) were not drawn by Peale and thus are "missing" from this series. Engravers include Francis Kearny, George Lang, James B. Longacre, Cornelius Tiebout.
  4. Numbers 208-219 correspond to Peale's moose hunting trip to Maine in 1830. C.f. Cabinet of Natural History and American Rural Sports, 1830, pp. 19-23 ( Call no.: 505 Cll vol. 1)
  5. Numbers 233a-h, are lithographs of butterflies, moths, caterpillars, etc. (some colored) that may have been prepared for Peale's 1833 work Lepidoptera Americana (see bibliography in Poesch's biography). 233d-g, by Childs & Inman Press.
  6. Numbers 300-312 are illustrations by an unidentified artist. Nos. 300, 303, and 304-306 are of prisoners, and may be sketches from the penal settlement on the island of Zamboanga, Philippines, which the Wilkes' Expedition visited on Friday, 28th of January, 1841. See, Poesch, p.201.

Arrangement

The sketches are arranged in chronological order, with undated work placed at the end.

Collection information

Provenance

Acquired in accessions in 1955, 1956, and 1981.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by rsc, 2001.

Alternate formats available

Images of most sketches are available for purchase by contacting the Manuscripts Department. Black and white 8x10" photographic prints are $15.00; 4x5" color transparencies are $40.00 (transparencies must be returned within six months). Postage and handling and publication fees may also apply.

Related material

The APS houses numerous manuscript collections relating to Titian Ramsay Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and brothers, Rubens, Rembrandt, Raphaelle, and James, and many other members of the Peale and Sellers families.

Bibliography

The papers of Charles Willson Peale and his family have been reproduced almost in their entirety in microfiche form in Lillian B. Miller, ed. Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and his Family (Kraus Microfilm, 1980).

Jessie J. Poesch, Titian Ramsay Peale, 1799-1885 : and his journals of the Wilkes Expedition. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society 28 and 52 (Philadelphia: APS, 1961). Call no.: 506.73 Am4me v.52

Kenneth Haltmann, Figures in a western landscape : reading the art of Titian Ramsay Peale from the long expedition to the Rocky Mountains, 1819-1820 (Diss., Yale University, 1992). Call no.: 759.13 H16f

Naval History Note

Includes a number of sketches made by Peale during the United States Exploring Expedition, which may be of interest to naval historians.

Early American History Note

This portion of the Peale Family Collection contains 221 Titian Ramsey Peale sketches. There is a detailed table of contents that describes each image. Most of the images depict elements of the natural world. There are many sketches of animals and landscapes. Some are in pencil, while others are in watercolor.

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Art
  • Engravings.
  • Lithographs
  • Negatives
  • Sketches.

Geographic Name(s)

  • New Jersey--Pictorial works
  • Philippines--Pictorial works
  • South America--Pictorial works
  • Washington (D.C.)--Pictorial works
  • West (U.S.)--Pictorial works

Subject(s)

  • American bison--Pictorial works
  • Animals--Pictorial works.
  • Antelopes--Pictorial works
  • Birds--Pictorial works
  • Botany--Pictorial works
  • Butterflies--Pictorial works.
  • Caterpillars--Pictorial works
  • Coin design.
  • Deer--Pictorial works
  • Eastern Woodlands Indians
  • Fishes--Pictorial works
  • Indians of North America--Maine
  • Indians of North America--Nebraska
  • Indians of North America--Pictorial works
  • Insects--Pictorial works
  • Landscape drawing
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Moose--Pictorial works
  • Natural history
  • Ornithology--Pictorial works
  • Oto indians
  • Penobscot Indians
  • Plains Indians
  • Siouan Indians
  • Squirrels--Pictorial works
  • Stephen H. Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1819-1820)
  • United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842)
  • Wolves--Pictorial works
  • Zoology--Pictorial works


Detailed Inventory
Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches
1817-1875 
1. "Lepidoptera and seas(on) of appearance"
[1817] Pencil Box 1
2. Argus carryntas (Butterfly)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
3. Pamphila verna (Moths)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
4. Argus carryntas (Butterfly)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
5. Three insects
[1817] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
6. Insect
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
7. Gnophria vittata (insect)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
8. Moth "Caught on the 12 of August"
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
9. Caterpillar "Drawn on 22nd of August..."
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
10. Callimorpha interrupto-marginata (insect)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
11. Butterflies
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
12. Saturnia drury (moth)
1817 Watercolor Box 1
13. Papilio asterios and chrysalis
[1817] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
14. Sphinx sordida (Caterpillar)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
15. Sphinx sordida (Caterpillar)
[1817] Pencil Box 1
16. Monarch Butterfly
1817 Watercolor Box 1
17. Monarch Butterfly, "Caught...near Germantown"
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
18. Mourning cloak Butterfly
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
19. Two caterpillars
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
20. Ceratomia quadricornis (Caterpillar)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
21. Two caterpillars
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
22. Saneriuthus juglaredis (Caterpillar)
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
23. Chrysalis attached to underside of board, "Sept. 26 1817"
1817 Watercolor Box 1
24. Yellow moth, cocoon, and caterpillar
[1817] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
25. Moth, cocoon, and caterpillar
[1817] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
26. Chrysalis hanging from leaf and butterfly
[1817] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
27. Moth
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
28. Cocoon on leaf "Drawn September 1817"
1817 Watercolor Box 1
29. Bushy caterpillar "16th Sept. 1817"
1817 Watercolor Box 1
30. Caterpillar on leaf, "24th of Sept."
[1817] Watercolor Box 1
31. Caterpillar and chrysalis, "24th of Sept."
[1817] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
32. Butterfly profile
[1817] Pencil Box 1
33. Shell, "Cincinatti (Ohio)"
1819 May 13 Watercolor Box 1
34. Shell
[1819 May] Watercolor Box 1
35. White violet, "Indiana..."
1819 May 25 Watercolor Box 1
36. White violet, "Indiana..."
1819 May 25 Watercolor Box 1
37. Sterna minuta (Tern)
1819 May 28 Watercolor Box 1
38. Cactus flower
[1819 May] Watercolor Box 1
39. Western Engineer (Steamboat)
1819 Ink & wash Box 1
40. Turkey, "length 4 feet 8 inches"
1819 June 3 Watercolor, pencil Box 1
41a. Sparrow sp. "Belle fontaine ... Male
1819 June 23 Watercolor, pencil Box 1
41b. Landscape
[1819 June 23] Watercolor Box 1
42. Catfish, "Cold water creek"
1819 June 23 Watercolor Box 1
43. Monax (Woodchuck)
1819 July 5 Pencil & ink Box 1
44. Pocket Gopher, "Arrow Rock [Missouri]"
1819 July 21 Watercolor, pencil Box 1
45. Sunset on the Missouri 370 miles above its mouth
1819 July 28 Watercolor Oversize 
46. Squirrel
1819 Sept. 5 Ink & Pencil Box 1

[Note: Described as Sciurus niger in T.R.P. Ms. at Am. Museum of. Nat. History]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:69

47. Brewer's mole & vole
1819 Oct. 18 Ink & pencil Box 1
48. Brewer's mole & vole
[1819] Watercolor, ink Box 1
49. Fox
1819 Oct. Pencil & ink Box 1
50. Fox
1819 Oct. Watercolor Box 1
51. Fox
[1819 Oct.] Engraving Box 1
52. Badgers
[1819] Watercolor Box 1
53. Wood Rat
[1819] Pencil Box 1

[see James, vol. 1, 52]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:76

54. Buttonwood (Tree), "Louisville Kenty"
1819 Pencil Box 1
55. Fawn, "Engineer Cantonment [Missouri River]
1820 Feb. Pencil Box 1
56. Deer, "Hind foot"
1820 Feb. Watercolor Box 1
57. Fawn
[1820] Watercolor Oversize 
58. Trout ? (fish)
1820 Feb. Watercolor Box 1
59. Engineer Cantonment [Missouri River]
1820 Feb. Pencil Box 1
60. Engineer Cantonment [Missouri River]
1820 Feb. Watercolor Box 1
61. "Birds No. 1 Engineer Cant." F. lagopus (hawk)
1820 Feb. Watercolor, pencil Box 1
62. Young Buffalo Bull
1820 Feb. Pencil Box 1
63. Cows (Bison heads)
1820 Feb. Watercolor, pencil Box 1
64. Bison (male) "Little Sioux River"
1820 Feb. Pencil Box 1
65. Bison Bulls
1820 Feb. Watercolor Box 1
66a. Indian shooting Bison
[1820 Feb.] Pencil Box 1
Oto bison hunt
1820 
Oto bison hunt
1820 
66b. Bison attacked by coyotes
[1820 Feb.] Pencil Box 1
67b. Bison
[1820 Feb.] Pencil Box 1
68a. Indian on horseback
[1820 Feb.] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
68b. Indian girl and burro & Indian on horseback
[1820 Feb.] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
69a. Braves on horseback
[1820 Feb.] Pencil Box 1
69b. Man, horse & bison
[1820 Feb.] Pencil Box 1
70. Bison hunt
1820 [Feb.] Watercolor, ink Box 1
71. Bison, racing left
n.d. Pencil Box 1
72. Bison, front view
n.d. Pencil Box 1
73. Two bison
n.d. Pencil Box 1
74. Three bison
n.d. Pencil Box 1
75. Two bison
n.d. Pencil Box 1
76. Bison, facing left
n.d. Pencil othertype Extra OS
77. Bison, facing right
n.d. Pencil Oversize 
78. Bison, facing left
n.d. Pencil Oversize 
79. Bison, grazing
n.d. Pencil Oversize 
80a. Two bison, dying
n.d. Pencil Box 1
80b. Sketch of unidentified mechanical object
n.d. Pencil Box 1
81. Buffalo Kill
(c.1873) Pencil othertype Extra OS

(See Poesch, p.109, fig.48)

82. Buffalo Hunt on River Platte
(c.1873) Pencil othertype Extra OS

(See Poesch, p.109)

83. River Otter
1820 Feb. Pencil Box 1
84. Sparrow sp. "Engineer Cant"
1820 March Watercolor, pencil Box 1
85. Scarlet tanager
1820 Watercolor Box 1
86. Sandhill Cranes "Engineer Cantonment"
1820 March Pencil Box 1
87. Sandhill Crane
[1820 March] Watercolor Oversize 
88. Sandhill Crane
[1820 March] Watercolor Box 1
89. Wood Duck (head) "Engineer Cant "
1820 April Watercolor Box 1
90. American White Pelican
[1820 April] Pencil Box 1
91. American White Pelicans, "Engineer Cantt"
1820 April Pencil Box 1
92. Wolf devouring deer head
1820 April Pencil Box 1
93. Wolf devouring deer head
1820 [April] Watercolor Box 1
94. Sandpiper sp.
1820 May 5 Watercolor, pencil Box 1
95. Yellow headed Blackbird
1820 May 14 Watercolor Box 1
96. Ottoes (Siouan indian)
1820 May Watercolor Box 1
97. Indian dogs
[1820 May] Watercolor, pencil Box 1
98. Pronghorn Antelope
[1820 June] Pencil Box 1
99. Pronghorn Antelope
[1820 June] Pencil Box 1
100. Pronghorn Antelope (head)
1820 June 19 Watercolor Box 1
101. Pronghorn Antelope Antilocapra americana
[1820 June 19] Watercolor Oversize 
102. Prairie dog
1820 June 25 Pencil Box 1
103. Corvus pica (magpie)
[1820 June 29] Watercolor Box 1
104. Magpie
[1820 June 29] Pencil Box 1
105. Bird (unidentified)
1820 July 1 Ink & pencil Box 1
106. Birds (unidentified)
1820 July 17 Ink Box 1
107. Birds (unidentified)
1820 July 17 Ink Box 1
108. Cliff Swallows
1820 July 17 Ink Box 1

[See Ord, Am. Orn. vol. 1, p.63]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:177

109. Nests of Cliff Swallows
1820 July 17 Ink Box 1
110. Birds (unidentified)
1820 July 18 Ink Box 1
111. Snake's head, "1st camp on the Arkansas"
1820 July 16 Ink & pencil Box 1
112. Line tail Squirrel
1820 July 26 Ink Box 1
113. Squirrel (dead squirrel hanging by one leg)
[1820 July 26] Pencil Box 1
114. Chipmunks
1820 July 28 Ink Box 1
115. Chipmunks (Sciurus quadrativitattus)
1820 July 28 Watercolor Box 1
116. Line tail Squirrel (Sciurus trigrammurus Say)
[1820 July] Watercolor Oversize 
117. Indian breast work on the River Platte
1820 [July] Watercolor Box 2
118. Flowers (lavender blossoms)
1820 Aug. 3 Watercolor, pencil Box 2
119. Burrowing owl
1820 Aug. 7 Ink Box 2

[See C.L. Bonaparte, Am. Orn. vol. 1]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:127

120. Bird (unidentified)
[1820] Aug. 24 Ink Box 2
121. Fish, "New Orleans"
1820 Nov. 31 Watercolor Box 2
122. Riverboat, "Yankee"
[1820 Nov.] Pencil Box 2
123. Three bears (Cape Girardeau, Missouri, Long Expedition)
1820 Gray wash Box 2
124. Scissor tailed Flycatcher (and unidentified bird)
1820 Watercolor Box 2
125. Kestrel
[1820] Ink & wash Box 2
126. Pigeon or dove
[1820] Ink & watercolor Box 2
127. Bird (unidentified)
[1820] Ink Box 2
128. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
129. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
130. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
131. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
132. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
133. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
134. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
135. Insect "Buprest rufipes"
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
136. Cicadas
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
137. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
138. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
139. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
140. Insects
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
141. Phaeton (two butterflies)
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
142a. Landscape: Mountain range & Prairie hen
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
142b. Landscape: River bank
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
143. Landscape: (Riverscape, with view of West. Engin.)
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
144a. Landscape: Man (Indian?) fishing
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
144b. Landscape: Canine head
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
145. Landscape: (two people and campfire)
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
146. Field mouse & bat
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
147. N.Y. bat, Vespertilio novabnacensis L.
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
148. Bobcat
[1819-20] Gray wash Box 2
149a. Bobcat
[1819] Watercolor, pencil Box 2
149b. Salamander
1819 May 1 Watercolor Box 2
149c. Bobcat
[1819] Watercolor Box 2
150a. Bobcat
[1819] Watercolor Box 2
150b. Salamander
[1819] Pencil Box 2
151. Bobcat
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
152. Coyote
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
153. Coyote
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2

Caption: "Prairie wolf in distress by TRP" is written on the front in pencil.

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:119

154. Coyote
[1819-20] Pencil, ink Box 2
155a. Deer
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
155b. Deer
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
156. Deer (head and eye)
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
157. Deer (with a detailed description)
[1819-20] Pencil Box 2
158. Black Tail Deer, summer hair
[1819-20] Watercolor Oversize 

[See Cassin, Pl. 10]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:601

159. Fox
[1819-20] Watercolor Oversize 
160. Meadow Jumping Mouse
[1819-20] Watercolor, pencil Box 2
161. Muskrats
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
162. Bighorn sheep (drawn from specimen in Museum?)
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
163. Bighorn sheep
[1819-20] Engraving Box 2

(by Alexander Lawson, see: Paul Cutright, Lewis & Clark: Pioneering Naturalists, p. 240ff)

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:277

164. Gray squirrel
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
165. Gray squirrels
[1819-20] Watercolor, ink wash Box 2
166. Red squirrel
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
167. Red squirrel
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
168. Squirrel
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
169. Chipmunk, Sciurus striatus L.
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
170. Mink and ermine
[1819-20] Watercolor Box 2
171. The Gigantic Mastodon
1821 Jan. Watercolor (wash) Oversize 

[Goodman, Am. Nat. His. 2:205]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:106

172. Peacocks eye (fish), Chaetodon ocellatus
1821 March Watercolor Box 2
173. Gull, immature
1822 Watercolor Box 2
174. Missouri bear, Ursus horribilis Ord
[1822] Watercolor Box 2
175. Piping Plover (Snowy Plover)
1824 May 14 Watercolor, pencil Oversize 

[Bonaparte IV:59, Plate .24]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:430

176. Piping Plover
[1824 May] Watercolor Box 2

[Bonaparte, IV:59, Plate 24]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:178

177. Three birds: 1. Wilson's Phalarope; 2. Shinz's Sandpiper; 3.Piping Plover
[1824] Watercolor Oversize 

[Bonaparte IV: Plate 24]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:617

178a. Insects, Plate no. 2
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178b. Insects, Plate no. 3
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178c. Insects, Plate no. 5
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178d. Insects, Plate no. 6
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178e. Insects, Plate no. 8
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178f. Insects, Plate no. 9
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178g. Insects, Plate no. 11
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178h. Insects, Plate no. 12
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178i. Insects, Plate no. 13
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178j. Insects, Plate no. 15
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178k. Insects, Plate no. 16
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178l. Insects, Plate no. 17
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
178m. Insects, Plate no. ?
[1824-28] Engraving Box 2
179. Mr. Snyder's house, Key Varas, Kinght's Keys... (Florida)
1825 March 14 Pencil Box 2
180. Shrew Mole
1825 July 9 Watercolor Box 2

(For description of' TRP's tamed Shrew Mole, see Goodman, vo1 1: 90-91)

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:251

181. Star-nose Mole
[1825 July 9] Watercolor Box 2
182a. Cerulean Warbler
1825 Aug. 1 Watercolor, pencil Box 2
182b. Bird (unidentified)
1825 Aug. 1 Pencil Box 2
183. Female F. tristis (Female American Goldfinch
[1825] Pencil Box 2

[See Bonaparte, Am. Orn. Plate 6, fig. 41 (American Goldfinch)]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:290

184. Shrew mole
[1825] Pencil Box 2

[Goodman, vol. 1, opp.81]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:281

185. "Allentown from the Commodore's house looking north"
[1824-25] Ink & Pencil Box 2
186a. Sketch of the Peale Museum
[1826/27] Pencil Box 2
186b. Bird (unidentified)
[1826/27] Pencil Box 2
187. Deer
[1827] Pencil Box 2
188. Deer, leaping
[1827] Pencil Box 2
189. Deer, leaping
[1827] Pencil Box 2
190. Two deer (buck & doe)
[1827] Lithograph Oversize 
191. Two deer (buck & doe) Colored
[1827] Lithograph Oversize 
192. Bison
1829 March 1 Pencil Box 2
193. Bison: head & eye "Phila."
1829 March 2 Pencil Box 2
194a. Antelope (Gazelle)
1829 June Watercolor Box 2
194b. Bird (unidentified)
1829 June Watercolor, pencil Box 2
195. Antelope (Gazelle)
1829 [June] Lithograph Oversize 
196. Antelope (Gazelle)
1829 [June] Lithograph Oversize 
197. Wolf and wolf's head "Phila."
1829 July 22 Pencil Box 2
198. Brown wolf (North Carolina)
1829 July 22 Pencil Box 2
199. Philadelphia just after a storm
1829 Aug. 14 Watercolor Box 2
200a. Wolf and wolf's head
1829 Aug. 14 Pencil Box 2
200b. Wolf
1829 Aug. 14 Pencil Box 2
201a. Wolf sleeping "taken with the camera lucida"
1829 Aug. 14 Pencil Box 2
201b. Wolf sleeping "taken with the camera lucida"
1829 Aug. 14 Pencil Box 2
202. Wolf sleeping "taken with the camera lucida"
1829 Aug. 14 Pencil Box 2
203. Wolf
[1829 Aug.] Pencil Box 2
204. Polar bear
1830 Jan. 3 Watercolor, pencil Box 2
205. Polar bear
[1830] Pencil tracing Box 2
206a. Polar bear, sitting
[1830] Pencil Box 2
206b. Cat head
[1830] Pencil Box 2
207. Polar bears
[1830] Oil Oversize 
208. Bangor, Maine
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
209. "Bark canoe, Maine Indians"
[1830 Oct.] Watercolor, pencil Box 2
210. Camp in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
211. Camp in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
212. Camp in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
213. Mitchele Louis, Penobscot Indian
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
214. Penobscot Indian
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
215. Jo Socceus, Penobscot Indian
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
216. Cabin in Maine woods
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
217. Moose & description
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
218. Moose head
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
219. Moose, with measurements
[1830 Oct.] Pencil Box 2
220. "Long Beach, N.J., Duck shooting"
[1830] Watercolor Box 2
221. King Vulture (bird), Turbaco, New Grenada (condor)
[1830] Watercolor Box 2
222. Bird (diagram)
[1830] Pencil Box 3

[See Cabinet of Nat. His. & Am. Rural Sports, 1830, vol. 1., 203]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:325

223. Lizard, Magdaline River, So. America
[1830] Watercolor Box 3
224. Grasshopper
1831 April 4 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
225a. Falls of Tiquendama; near Bogata, New Grenada
[1831 June] Pencil Box 3
225b. Soldier
[1831 June] Pencil Box 3
226a. Saddle
[1830-32] Pencil Box 3

[Sketched while in So. America]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:322

226b. Torso, (human)
[1830-32] Pencil Box 3
227. Saddle stirrup
[1830-32] Pencil Box 3
228a. Spear
[1830-32] Pencil Box 3
228b. Torso (arm & head)
[1830-32] Pencil Box 3
229. Iguana
[1830-32] Watercolor Box 3
230. Design for coin, "Liberty"
1832 Watercolor, ink, pencil Box 3
231. Three birds: 1. Glossy Ibis; 2. Pectorial Sand-piper; 3. Red-Breasted Snipe
[1833] Watercolor Oversize 

[See Bonaparte, Am. Orn. 1833, v. IV, Plate 23]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:609

232. Three birds: 1. Glossy Ibis; 2. Pectorial Sand-piper; 3. Red-Breasted Snipe
[1833] Watercolor Oversize 
233a. Three moths
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233b. Three moths
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233c. Monarch butterfly (colored) with caterpillar
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233d. Moths: Saturnia promethea, Female (colored)
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233e. Two moths: Saturnia promethea, male (colored)
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233f. Three moths, caterpillar & chrysalis (colored)
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233g. Butterflies, caterpillar & chrysalis: Xanthidia lisa (colored)
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
233h. Two moths, caterpillar & chrysalis: Geometra domestica (colored)
[1833] Lithograph Box 3
234. Sea Gull, Procellario carpensis
1834 Mar. 18 Pencil Box 3
235. Black tailed or Mule Deer, Cervus macrotis
1834 Lithograph Box 3

[See: The Advocate of Science and the Ann. of Nat. History, 1834. vol. 1, p.11 (Film 13)]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:165

236. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36] Watercolor, pencil Box 3
237. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36] Watercolor Box 3
238. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36] Watercolor Box 3
239. Design for coin (Eagle)
[1835-36] Pencil Box 3
240. Design for coin or medallion
[1835-36] Oil Box 3
241a. Eagle & deer
[1835-36] Pencil Box 3
241b. Rifle, "Dr. Robert Patterson"
[1835-36] Pencil Box 3
242. Design for coin or medallion (eagle)
[1835-36] Pencil Box 3
243. Design for coin or medallion (eagle)
[1835-36] Watercolor, pencil Box 3
244. Rabbit, Lepus palustris
[1836] Watercolor Box 3
245. Rabbit, "Lepus Americanus"
1836 Lithograph Box 3

[Lith. Lehman & Duval, Phila.]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:355

246. Madeira, from the Summit of Coural Das Freira
[1838 Sep. 18] Watercolor Oversize 
247. Outrigger canoes, Madeira
[1838 Sep.] Pencil Box 3
248. Tern, Brown Hoddy
1838 Nov. 2 Watercolor Box 3
249. Bats, "off the Coast of Brazil"
1838 Nov. 18 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
250. "Rio Janeiro, Rue Direche"
1838 Nov. Pencil Oversize 
251. Porpoise, "Corrected by Lt. [Wm. M.] Walker"
[1839 Jan. 18] Pencil Oversize 
252a. Dolphin: "Delphinus pectoralis" (with notes)
[1839 Jan. 18] Pencil Box 3

[See: John Cassin, Mammology and Ornithology of Wilkes Expedition, 1858, Plate No.5 (Dolphin)]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:329

252b. Dolphin (back view)
[1839 Jan. 18] Pencil Box 3
253. Guanaco, Rio Negro, Patagonia
1839 Jan. Pencil Box 3
254. "Pilot's house, Rio Negro, Patagonia"
[1839 Jan.] Pencil Box 3
255. "Cape Pigeon" (bird) with sketch of boat
[1839 Feb.] Pencil Box 3
256. U.S. Schooner Sea Gull, on bar of Rio Negro
1839 [Jan.] Pencil Box 3
257. Goose (with notations)
1839 Feb. 21 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
258. Bird (Bunting?) (with notations)
1839 Feb. 22 Pencil Box 3
259. Wolf [drawn by Thomas T. Craven?]
1839 Feb.-Mar. Pencil Box 3
260. Wolf "Orange Bay" (Tierra del Fuego). T. T. Craven
1839 March Watercolor Oversize 
261. Albatross: "Diomedea fuliginosa"
1839 March 14 Pencil Box 3
262. Storm Petrel, "Blue Petral, male"
1839 March 18 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
263. Storm Petrel ?
1839 March 21 Pencil Box 3
264. Diomedea exulans (Albatross)
1839 April 7 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
265. Crested bird (Passerine bird)
1839 May 28 Watercolor (wash) Box 3
266. Male wolf, "Cordillera de los Andes"
1839 May Pencil Box 3
267. Female fox, "Road to Santiago, Chili"
1839 May Pencil Box 3
268. Mound near Lima, Peru
1839 [June] Ink & wash Box 3
269. Mound near Lima, Peru
1839 [June] Oil Oversize 
270. Llamas (Peru?)
[1839 June] Pencil Box 3
271. Luca Tern (bird) at Callao, near Lima, Peru
1839 July 1 Watercolor Box 3
272. Fairy Tern (Gygis)
[1839 Aug.] Watercolor, pencil Box 3
273. Frigate-bird, sp.
1839 Aug. 16 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
274. Red-footed Booby
1839 Aug. 21 Watercolor Box 3
275. Tahiti, "Moatoa" [Valley of the Popino River]
1839 [Aug-Sep] Ink & pencil Box 3
276. Tahiti, "First camp on the Popenoo river"
1839 [Aug.-Sep.] Pencil Box 3
277. Church, Popenoo, Tahiti
1839 [Aug.-Sep.] Pencil Box 3
278. Tahiti, "North side of Tahiti" (landscape)
1839 Sep. Pencil Box 3
279. Ptilonapus purpuratus, or Fruit Pigeon
1839 Sept. 8 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
280. Columba oceanica (Pigeon)
1839 Sept Pencil Box 3
281. Carpophaga aurorce (Pigeon)
[1839 Sept.] Pencil Box 3
282. Shearwater sp. (?) [Bird], "Tahiti"
[1839 Sept.] Pencil Box 3
283. Meliphagid sp.
1839 Oct. 19 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
284. Didunculus strigirostrus, Samoa (pigeon)
[1839] Watercolor, pencil Box 3
285. Tahitian Indian, "Homai"
1839 Pencil Box 3
286. "Taunoa (village), Tahiti"
[1840 June] Pencil Box 3
287. Feejee (Fiji) canoe
[1840 Jan.-June] Pencil Box 3
288. Cormorant sp. (bird)
1840 March 8 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
289. Magellanic penguin ?
1840 March Pencil Box 3
290. "Viti canoe skulling" Fiji
[1840 May-June] Pencil Box 3
291. Taunoa (village), Tahiti, John's House
[1840 June] Oil Oversize 
292. Pigeon sp.
1840 Aug. 6 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
293. Mauna Loa (volcano), Hawaii
[1840 Fall] Pencil Box 3
294. Mauna Loa (volcano), Hawaii
[1840 Dec.] Pencil Box 3
295. Mauna Loa (volcano), Hawaii
[1840 Dec.] Watercolor Box 3
296. Antarctic Ice (Ship, from the Wilkes Exp.)
[1840] Watercolor Box 3
297. Tree near which Capt. Cook was killed, Keala kua Bay, Hawaii
[1840 Dec.] Pencil Box 3

[See: Wilkes' Narrative 1849; IV:93]

298. Tree near which Capt. Cook was killed
[1840 Dec.] Photograph Box 3

[Photo of painting owned by Ed. L. Lachman, St. Pete., 1970]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:415

299. Peale's River, Vitia lern
[1840] Pencil Box 3
300. Prisoners on island of Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:418

301. Philippine woman?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:429

302. Philippine man?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:408

303. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:412

304. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:428

305. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:397

306. Prisoners on Samboangu?
[1841 Jan. 28] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:410

307. Flowers
[1841 Jan. 31] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:425

308. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:409

309. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:411

310. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:399

311. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:422

312. Flowers & butterfly
[1841 Jan. 31] Watercolor Box 3

Artist unknown

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:431

313. Albatross sp. ("Diomedea brachyura")
1841 May 20 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
314. Diomedea brachyura (Albatross sp.)
1841 May 26 Watercolor, pencil Box 3
315. Ship, Peacock ?
[1841June-Jul.] Watercolor Box 3
316a. Fort Sutter ?
[1841 Oct.] Watercolor Oversize 
316b. Plan of Fort Sutter ?
[1841 Oct. 19] Watercolor Oversize 
317. Common gallinule
[1841] Watercolor Box 3
318. "Catching wild geese in California"
[1841] Pencil Box 3
319. Palm trees, Manila
1842 [Jan.] Pencil Box 3
320. Palm tree, Manila
1842 [Jan.] Pencil Box 3
321. Brown Albatross
[1838-42] Pencil Box 3
322. Black-headed gull
[1838-42] Pencil Box 3
323. American White Pelican
[1838-42] Watercolor Box 3
324. Snowy Plover
[1838-42] Pencil Box 3
325. Black-fronted tern
[1838-42] Watercolor, pencil Box 3
326a. Black-fronted tern
[1838-42] Watercolor, pencil Box 3
326b. Black-fronted tern
[1838-42] Pencil Box 3
327a. Tern sp.
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
327b. Tern sp. (head)
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
328a. Toucan sp.
[1838-42] Watercolor Box 4
328b. Toucan beak
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
329. Durlin (bird), ("Tringa alpinus")
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
330a. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
330b. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
331a. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
331b. Sandpiper sp.
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
332. Swan sp. "from Mr. Heads specimen"
[1838-42] Watercolor Box 4
333. Willet (bird)
[1838-42] Watercolor Oversize 
334. Fish (with notations)
[1838-42] Watercolor Box 4
335. Mouth of the river Bogie ?
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
336. Man in cabin
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
337. Ship, Flying Fish
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
338. Ship, Porpoise
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
339. Ships, Porpoise and Flying Fish
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
340. Ships, Porpoise and Flying Fish
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
341. Ships in a harbor
[1838-42] Ink Box 4
342. Ships on the horizon
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
343a. View of shoreline from a barge
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
343b. Building, objects (faint sketches)
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
344. View of shoreline & ships from a barge
[1838-42] Pencil Box 4
345. Wolves. 1. Lupus gigas 2. Lupus occidentalis
[1838-42] Pencil Oversize 

[Cassin's i.d. See: Cassin, Plate No.3]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:598

346. Wolves. 1. Lupus gigas 2. Lupus occidentalis
[1838-42] Oil Oversize 

[Cassin's i.d. See: Cassin, Plate No.3]

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:583

347. Wilson's storm Petrel (bird) By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 7 Pencil Box 4
348a. Shearwater sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 7 Watercolor Box 4
348b. Foot of Shearwater sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 7 Pencil Box 4
349. Shearwater sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Jan. 22 Watercolor Box 4
350. Proscelaria (Sea gull head). By Joseph Drayton
1839 Feb. 13 Watercolor,ink, Pencil Oversize 
351. Oystercatcher sp. By Joseph Drayton
1839 Feb. Watercolor Box 4
352. Rail sp. (bird), Rallus olivaceus. By Joseph Drayton
1839 March 9 Watercolor Box 4
353. Caiacaia (bird). By Joseph Drayton
1839 April 1 Watercolor Box 4
354. Unidentified bird. By Joseph Drayton
1841 May Watercolor, pencil Box 4
355. Eider sp. (bird) By Joseph Drayton
1841 May Watercolor Box 4
356. Frog spawn, Rock Creek, D.C.
1849 April 8 Watercolor Box 4