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Abstract

During the half century leading up to the Second World War, Franz Boas helped to define academic anthropology in the United States. Trained as a geographer at the University of Heidelberg, Boas worked initially on the Inuit of Baffin Island and subsequently on the cultures of the Indians of the Northwest Pacific Coast, becoming a leading figure in American anthropology by the first decade of the twentieth century. As Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University, Boas made significant theoretical contributions to ethnology, linguistics, and physical anthropology, helping to ingrain the four fields approach in his discipline and introducing the concept of cultural relativism into wide currency. He was, as well, a committed Socialist and an ardent opponent of both racism and fascism.

This collection includes correspondence that Boas carried on with his colleagues in anthropology, as well as with those in the other social sciences and sciences. This correspondence is rich as a source for twentieth-century historians interested in "radical" social causes, since Boas was a socialist and an outspoken voice for progressive social causes.

Background note

Born in Minden, Germany, on July 8, 1858, the anthropologist Franz Boas was the son of the merchant Meier Boas and his wife, Sophie Meyer. Raised in the radical and tradition of German Judaism, Franz's youth was steeped in politically liberal beliefs and a largely secular outlook that he carried with him from university through his emigration to the United States.

At the universities of Heidelberg and Bonn, Boas studied physics and geography before completing a doctorate in physical geography at Kiel in 1881. Intending on testing then-current theories of environmental determinism, he signed on to an anthropological expedition to Baffin Island in 1883-1884, expecting that he would document the close adaptative fit of Central Eskimo cultures to their extreme climate. His experiences in the arctic, however, led him to the contrary conclusion: that social traditions, not environmental, exerted a dominant influence over human societies, and from this point onward, he was led to pursue the cultural over than physical dimensions of humanity.

Although he returned to Berlin after the expedition, Boas emigrated to the United States in 1885 to assume an editorial position with the journal Science, hoping to use it as a stepping-stone to an academic appointment. In 1886, he embarked upon a second major field excursion into what would become his most famous ethnographic project, working among the Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw) Indians of the Northwest Coast, after which he secured his first academic position in 1889, at Clark University in Worcester, Mass. After three years at Clark and a failed appointment at the Field Museum in Chicago in 1892 (during which he played a part in organizing the anthropological exhibits for the Columbian World's Fair), Boas moved to New York City.

The restless activity of Boas's early years slowed in New York. Hired by the American Museum of Natural History (1895-1905), which became the recipient of the amazingly rich anthropological collections he accumulated on the Northwest Coast, Boas began to teach classes at Columbia University in 1896, where three years later he was appointed Professor of Anthropology. For the next 37 years, Boas ruled the anthropological roost at Columbia, accruing unprecedented power in his discipline, wielding grants, recommendations, and appointments with remarkable dexterity, and collecting about him a remarkable group of younger scholars as students and colleagues.

Distancing himself from some of the main currents of contemporary anthropological thought in the United States, and particularly from the evolutionist assumptions that riddled the discipline, Boas championed an anthropology that viewed human cultures as shaped more by historical "tradition" than biological propensity. Claiming to resist any overarching, synthetic theories of human relations, and particularly evolutionary theories of sociocultural development, Boas laid the theoretical groundwork for what became modern cultural relativism. In the process, he helped to clarify the demarcation between the concepts of culture and race and its expression in the divergence of the four fields in anthropology -- linguistics, ethnography, physical anthropology, and archaeology.

Boas's relatively few forays into physical anthropology included a pioneering anthropometric study in 1910-1911, demonstrating that the alleged mental and physical inferiority of immigrants disappeared statistically by the second generation. Opposed to immigration quotas and disdainful of the claims to science used to justify them, Boas was a consistent, strident opponent of racial determinism in intellect or behavior. A committed, politically active Socialist, he was frequently an outspoken critic of American policy. During the First World War, he spoke out against the treatment of German Americans and "enemy aliens" -- to the point of putting himself at risk -- and the rise of the Nazi party in Germany proved an even greater crusade. Despite his age, Boas took an active role in the anti-fascist struggle in the United States and was involved with numerous committees to assist refugee scholars. He was equally ardent in his efforts to criticize racial and ethnic bigotry in the United States.

As a mentor, Boas had a reputation of being directive, at times overbearing, and at the same time of doing too little to prepare his students for the rigors of fieldwork. The extraordinary number of students coming out of Columbia under his care, however, has arguably done as much to extend the Boasian approach than Boas's own writing. Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Elsie Clews Parsons, Alfred Kroeber, Frank Speck, Edward Sapir, Zora Neale Hurston, Ella Deloria, Melville Herskovits, Leslie Spier, Paul Radin, and Ashley Montagu are all students of Boas. Many continued in the same intellectual stream, some diverged, yet all bore traces of Boas's influence. He left a mark as well on the institutions of the discipline, as one of the founders of the American Anthropological Association and of the International Journal of American Linguistics.

Scope and content

The Boas Collections at the APS are the key resource for documenting the transformations in American ethnography, linguistics, and physical anthropology in the period between the 1880s and 1940s. The Boas Papers (Mss B B61) consist of the main body of Franz Boas's professional correspondence, including particularly extensive and important correspondence with Edward Sapir, Gladys Reichard, Elsie Parsons, Leo Frachtenburg, John Alden Mason, M. J. McGee, Frederick W. Hodge, Alfred Kroeber, George Hunt, and Alfred M. Tozzer, and material relating to Boas's involvement in professional and other organizations. This collection provides richly detailed coverage of every facet of Boas's career from the time of his emigration to America in the mid-1880s until his death in 1940, shedding light on the development of ethnography, anthropological linguistics, and anthropological approaches to archaeology. His correspondence was highly diverse, including not only his fellow anthropologists, but geneticists, evolutionary biologists, social scientists, and social activists.

The Boas collections are also a rich resource for historians interested in "radical" social causes in the twentieth-century through Boas's participation in socialist political circles and progressive social movements. There is significant material on the Germanistic Society of America and for German National Socialism and the expulsion of European scholars, as well as the efforts to reestablish them in British and American institutions.

This collection also contains photographs of Boas and members of his family from his childhood to the time of his death. Links to the digital versions of the pages are included in the inventory. You may also view a gallery of all images here.

Native American Images note : Nearly 3,000 sketches, albumen prints, black and white silver gelatin photographs, photomechanical prints, postcards, and maps of Baffinland Inuit and Northwest Coast Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka’wakw). Taken and drawn by Boas during his Northern Canadian expeditions of 1883-84 and 1886, images include native clothing, dwellings, totem figures, tools and kayaks. Of note, hand-drawn maps of Inuit tribal territories. Includes images sent to Boas from anthropologist John Alden Mason (Mayan), Amelia Susman and William Beynon (Tsimshian) of sculptures, carvings, and totems. Sketches are in the correspondence and field notebook series of B B61; B B61p; B B61.ru; B B61.5. The finding aid contains an inventory of all photographs housed in the Photograph Collection and on Film 1427. See also the American Council of Learned Society papers (497.3 B63c) for more Native American images by Boas.

Collection information

Provenance

Gift of Helene Boas Yampolsky, 1961-1962; and Dr. Cecil Yampolsky, 1964, with many later additions from Norman F. Boas.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Franz Boas Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Alternate formats available

This collection has been microfilmed (film 1308) in chronological order.

Reel 1 February 24, 1878-January 31, 1889
Reel 2February 1, 1889-April 30, 1894
Reel 3May 1, 1894-December 30, 1898
Reel 4January 5, 1899-March 26, 1903
Reel 5April 2, 1903-December 30, 1904
Reel 6January 2, 1905-January 24, 1906
Reel 7January 24, 1906-January 4, 1907
Reel 8January 4, 1907 -December 10, 1907
Reel 9December 11, 1907-December 4, 1908
Reel 10December 5, 1908-November 30, 1909
Reel 11December 1, 1909-February 17, 1911
Reel 12February 17, 1911-September 12, 1912
Reel 13September 13, 1912-June 14, 1913
Reel 14June 11, 1913-February 20, 1914
Reel 15February 20, 1914-April 16, 1915
Reel 16April 16, 1915-October 15, 1916
Reel 17October 16, 1916-May 31, 1917
Reel 18June 1, 1917-March 31, 1918
Reel 19April 1, 1918-April 2, 1919
Reel 20April 3, 1919-February 19, 1920
Reel 21February 19, 1920-July 31, 1920
Reel 22August 1, 1920-November 26, 1920
Reel 23November 26, 1920-December 29, 1922
Reel 24January 9, 1923-February 29, 1924
Reel 25March 1, 1924-April 13, 1925
Reel 26April 13, 1925-April 12, 1926
Reel 27April 13, 1926-March 21, 1927
Reel 28April 4, 1927-January 16, 1928
Reel 29January 17, 1928-January 14, 1929
Reel 30January 15, 1929-October 29, 1929
Reel 31November 1, 1929-September 15, 1930
Reel 32September 16, 1930-May 11, 1931
Reel 33May 12, 1931-January 15, 1932
Reel 34January 16, 1932-February 27, 1933
Reel 35March 7, 1933-November 6, 1933
Reel 36November 7, 1933-August 10, 1934
Reel 37August 11, 1934-September 6, 1935
Reel 38September 8, 1935-June 14, 1936
Reel 39June 15, 1936-April 23, 1937
Reel 40April 24, 1937-March 7, 1938
Reel 41March 8, 1938-February 18, 1939
Reel 42February 19, 1939-January 11, 1940
Reel 43January 12, 1940-February 10, 1941
Reel 44February 10, 1941-May 3, 1943

Other finding aids

This collection is thoroughly inventoried in Franziska Boas, Guide to the Microfilm Collection of the Professional Papers of Franz Boas (Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1972), 2 vols. This guide forms the basis of the inventory below.

Materials relating to Boas' research on American Indians is indexed in great detail in the online Daythal Kendall Guide to Native American Collections at the American Philosophical Society.

General physical description

59 lin. feet

Separated material

Photographs have been separated for storage with the library's photographic collection.

Related material

The American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, Franz Boas Collection of Materials for American Linguistics ( Mss 497.3.B63c) is a large collection of primary materials on Native American languages assembled, in part, under Boas's supervision, and including a large quantity of material written by Boas himself.

Boas appears as a correspondent in numerous APS collections, and in addition to its rich collections for the history of anthropology, the library houses the papers of several of Boas's former students and proteges, including Frank Speck ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 126), Elsie Clews Parsons ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 29), John Alden Mason ( Mss. B M384), Paul Radin ( Mss. 497.3 R114), and Ashley Montagu ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 109).

The APS also houses a microfilm (372.3, reel 1) of original materials in the Office of Anthropology Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., relating to Boas's trips to Baffin Island (N.W.T.) and British Columbia, during which he studied and collected cultural materials, 1885-1909.

The papers of Boas's son Ernst Boas ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 10) are housed at the APS. A physician, Ernst Boas shared his father's liberal political outlook and activist social views.

Other Franz Boas Collections
Franz Boas Professional Papers, ca. 1860-1942 (Mss B B61p) View Collection
Boas Family Papers, 1862-1942 (Mss B B61f) View Collection
Boas-Rukeyser Collection, 1869-1940 (Mss B B61ru) View Collection
Franz Boas field notebooks and anthropometric data, ca. 1883-1912 (Mss B B61.5) View Collection

Bibliography

Rohner, Ronald P., ed., The Ethnography of Franz Boas: Letters and Diaries of Franz Boas, Written on the Northwest Coast from 1886 to 1931 (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1969). Call no.: B B61e.r

Stocking, George, ed., The Shaping of American Anthropology, 1883-1911: A Franz Boas Reader (N.Y.: Basic Books, 1974). Call no.: 572.081 B63s

Cole, Douglas, Franz Boas: The Early Years, 1859-1906 (Seattle: Univ. of Washington, 1999).

Boas, Franz, The Mind of Primitive Man (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1911). Call no.: 572 B63m

Boas, Franz, Ethnology of the Kwakiutl (Washington, D.C.:Government Printing Office, 1921). Call no.: 572.97 B63e

Boas, Franz, Primitive Art (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1927). Call no.: 571.7 B63p

Boas, Franz, ed., General Anthropology (Boston: D.C. Heath, 1938). Call no.: 572 B63g.r

Boas, Franz, Race, Language and Culture (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1940). Call no.: 572.081 B63r

African American History Note

This collection has the potential to be rich for students of attitudes toward race in the United States. Among the many topics covered are the study and teaching of anthropology, ethnography, linguistics, progressive social causes, and the expulsion of European scholars under German national socialism.

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

Scholars of physiology, biochemistry, or biophysics may find the following items of interest:

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Levene, P. A. (Phoebus Aaron), 1869-1940Correspondence (3 items)1921English
Loeb, Jacques, 1859-1924Correspondence (5 items)1920English

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Germanistic Society of America

Genre(s)

  • Albumen prints
  • Cabinet cards
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Maps
  • Negatives
  • Photomechanical prints
  • Postcards
  • Sketches.

Occupation(s)

  • Anthropologists -- United States.

Personal Name(s)

  • Andrews, H.A.
  • Beckwith, Martha Warren, 1871-1959
  • Boas, Ernst P. (Ernst Philip), 1891-1955
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Bogoras, Waldemar, 1865-1936
  • Bowditch, Charles P., (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921
  • Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934
  • Bumpus, Hermon Carey, 1862-1943
  • Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944
  • Chávez, Ezequiel Adeodato, 1868-1946
  • Crane, M. E.
  • Dixon , Roland Burrage, 1875-1934
  • Engerrand, George C., 1877-1961
  • Fackenthal, Frank Diehl, 1883-1968
  • Franchtenberg, Leo Joachim, 1883-1930
  • Gordon, George Byron, 1911-
  • Heye, George G., (George Gustav), 1874-1957
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956
  • Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933
  • Hrdlicka, Ales, 1869-1943
  • Jochelson, Waldemar, 1855-1937
  • Keppel, Frederick P., (Frederick Paul), 1875-1943
  • Kroeber, A. L., (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960
  • Laufer , Berthold, 1874-1934
  • McGee, W. J., 1853-1912
  • Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938
  • Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1875-1941
  • Radin, Paul, 1883-1959
  • Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939
  • Sargent, H. E.
  • Seler, Eduard
  • Steinen, Karl von den, 1855-1929
  • Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958
  • Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922
  • Tozzer, Alfred M. -- (Alfred Marston), -- 1877-1954.
  • Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947
  • Woodbridge, Frederick James Eugene, 1867-1940

Subject(s)

  • Anthropology, ethnography, fieldwork
  • Anthropology--Research--United States
  • Anthropology--United States--History.
  • Anthropology--United States.
  • Arctic Indians
  • Ethnology--North America
  • Indians of North America--British Columbia
  • Indians of North America--Ethnology
  • Indians of North America--Languages
  • Indians of North America--Northwest Coast
  • Indians of North America--Nunavut
  • Inuit
  • Jewish scientists
  • Kwakiutl Indians
  • Northwest Coast Indians
  • Race, race relations, racism
  • Refugees, Political
  • Scientists, Refugee
  • Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform
  • Socialists--United States
  • Tlingit Indians
Collection overview
1862-194259 linear feet

Letters to Franz Boas, copies of his replies, and related papers. The collection includes family papers, diaries, and personal correspondence, but the majority of the items are professional letters pertaining to the following subjects: the development of anthropology in America as both a science and a profession; the founding and later activities of the International School of American Archaeology and Ethnology in Mexico; international meetings of anthropologists; the study of American Indian linguistics; the study of physical anthropology and of race; field work of students. The papers also deal with the advancement of science, academic freedom, and public and political activities of Boas.

Due to the size of the collection, the content for Series I has been divided into multiple inventories. Please follow the links below to browse the contents.

View correspondents beginning with:

Correspondents A
Correspondents B
Correspondents C
Correspondents D
Correspondents E-G
Correspondents H
Correspondents I-K
Correspondents L
Correspondents M
Correspondents N-Q
Correspondents R
Correspondents S
Correspondents T-V
Correspondents W-Z

1869-1940 
  


Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1862-194259 linear feet

Letters to Franz Boas, copies of his replies, and related papers. The collection includes family papers, diaries, and personal correspondence, but the majority of the items are professional letters pertaining to the following subjects: the development of anthropology in America as both a science and a profession; the founding and later activities of the International School of American Archaeology and Ethnology in Mexico; international meetings of anthropologists; the study of American Indian linguistics; the study of physical anthropology and of race; field work of students. The papers also deal with the advancement of science, academic freedom, and public and political activities of Boas.

Due to the size of the collection, the content for Series I has been divided into multiple inventories. Please follow the links below to browse the contents.

View correspondents beginning with:

Correspondents A
Correspondents B
Correspondents C
Correspondents D
Correspondents E-G
Correspondents H
Correspondents I-K
Correspondents L
Correspondents M
Correspondents N-Q
Correspondents R
Correspondents S
Correspondents T-V
Correspondents W-Z

General physical description: 59 linear feet

Series II. Graphics
1869-1940 
Franz Boas with Marie, Helene, and Ernst at piano.
ca. 1900 1.0 Photoprint(s) 20.5 x 25 cm. ; Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.3

General physical description: Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:5344

Franz Boas with wife Marie in study.
ca. 1900 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.4

General physical description: Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:5358

Minden Views 5: Dom, Minden
ca. 1900 Size: 11 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.5
Goldstein, Emma.
Minden Views 6: Market, Minden
ca. 1900 Size: 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.6
Goldstein, Emma.
Minden Views 7: Old house am Domhof.
ca. 1900 Size: 11.5 x 14 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11.5 x 14 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.7
Goldstein, Emma.
Minden Views 8: Domhof, inn where students drank beer during vacations
ca. 1900 Size: 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.8
Goldstein, Emma.
Minden Views 9: Rathaus, haus von Emilie Boas, aunt of Franz
ca. 1900 Size: 11 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.9
Goldstein, Emma.
Minden Views 10: Old house, am Poos (Heinrich Weber store)
ca. 1900 Size: 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.10
Goldstein, Emma.
Minden Views 11: Old house, am Poos (Magazn building)
ca. 1900 Size: 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11.5 x 15.5 cm., 15 x 18 cm. mount.F8.1.11
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Cabin (Franz Boas') on the Germania.
1883 Size: 12 x 16 cm., 18 x 22 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 12 x 16 cm., 18 x 22 cm. mount.F8.1.12
Wenzel, Theodor.
Wilhelm Weike and wife Mathilde, c. 2 (reproduction)
1883 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 2 photoprints; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.13

For original see image U5.1.18

General physical description: Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 2 photoprints; 20.5 x 25 cm.

Wenzel, Theodor.
Wilhelm Weike and wife Mathilde, c. 2 (reproduction).
1883 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.14

For original see image U5.1.18

General physical description: Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.

Franz Boas, "on board the Germania on trip to Arctic".
1883-1884 Size: 14 x 20 cm., 20.5 x 20.5 cm. sheet., Format: 1 photoprint; 14 x 20 cm., 20.5 x 20.5 cm. sheet.F8.1.15
Heliotype Co..
Franz Boas, "age 49."
ca. 1907 Size: 10 x 14.5 cm., 18 x 25 cm. sheet., Format: 1 photoprint; 10 x 14.5 cm., 18 x 25 cm. sheet.F8.1.16
Becker and Maass.
Franz Boas, portrait (profile).
ca. 1920 Size: 11 x 15.5 cm., 20 x 24 cm. mount., Format: 1 photoprint; 11 x 15.5 cm., 20 x 24 cm. mount.F8.1.18
Franz Boas, at desk, 3/4 view, 3/4 length, c. 1 (original).
ca. 1935 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.19
Franz Boas at desk, 3/4 view, 3/4 length, c. 2 (reproduction).
ca. 1935 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.20
Franz Boas, at desk, 3/4 view, 3/4 length, c. 3 (reproduction)
ca. 1935 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.21
Franz Boas, at desk in Grantwood, N.J., c. 1 (original).
ca. 1942 Size: 16.5 x 21.5 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 16.5 x 21.5 cm.F8.1.22
Franz Boas, at desk in Grantwood, N.J., c. 2 (reproduction)
ca. 1942 Size: 20.5 x 25 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 20.5 x 25 cm.F8.1.23
Americanist Congress, The Hague (probably 22nd)
ca. 1926 Size: 23 x 17 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 23 x 17 cm.F8.2.1
Franz Boas at American Association for Advancement of Science as incoming president, with Thomas Hunt Morgan, outgoing president.
1931-1932 Size: 12.5 x 19.5 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 12.5 x 19.5 cm.F8.2.2
Becker and Maass.
Meyer Boas, portrait, 3/4 view, with white hair and mustache. Note from researcher Julie Liss of Scripps College, 12/4/98 regarding misidentification as Jonas Meyer.
ca. 1880 Size: 12 x 17 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 12 x 17 cm.F8.2.3
Becker and Maass.
Sophie Boas, portrait, 3/4 view, with dark blouse, lace trim. Note from researcher Julie Liss of Scripps College, 12/4/98 regarding misidentification as Sophie Meyer.
ca. 1880 Size: 12 x 17 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 12 x 17 cm.F8.2.4

General physical description: Size: 12 x 17 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 12 x 17 cm.

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:5364

Salomon Meyer, portrait, "Onkel Mons" (uncle of Franz Boas), brother of Sophie Boas.
ca. 1885 Size: 17 x 19.5 cm., Format: 1 photoprint; 17 x 19.5 cm.F8.2.5
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Nors Head von Lucken (?), no. 2
1883 Size: 9 x 17 cm., 14 x 17 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 9 x 17 cm., 14 x 17 cm. sheet.F8.2.6
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Dunnet Head, von Nordgeschen, 27th Juni 1883, no. 3
1883 Size: 8 x 16.5 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 8 x 16.5 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.7
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 28th Juli 1883, no. II, no. 5
1883 Size: 10 x 17 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 10 x 17 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.8
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 28th Juli 1883
1883 Size: 10 x 15.5 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 10 x 15.5 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.9
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Laftgrieglungen 2 August, Motlag (?), no. 12
1883 Size: 8.5 x 14.5 c.m., 14 x 19 mount., Format: 1 drawing; 8.5 x 14.5 c.m., 14 x 19 mount.F8.2.10
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 29th Juli 1883, no. 8
1883 Size: 8.5 x 13 cm., 14 x 19 cm. mount., Format: 1 drawing; 8.5 x 13 cm., 14 x 19 cm. mount.F8.2.11
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 28th Juli 1883, No. IIb (No. 6)
1883 Size: 10 x 15 cm., 14 x 19 cm. mount., Format: 1 drawing; 10 x 15 cm., 14 x 19 cm. mount.F8.2.12
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 28th Juli 1883
1883 Size: 8.5 x 15.5 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 8.5 x 15.5 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.13
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 28th Juli 1883, no. 10
1883 Size: 10 x 17 cm., 12 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 10 x 17 cm., 12 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.14
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eis im Lufgriegelungen (?) am 30 Juli, no. 11
1883 Size: 8.5 x 15 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 8.5 x 15 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.15
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Cap Merry und dunk Luftgriegelung venenter Parker 1 August 1883 3 1/2 Morgen, no. 8
1883 Size: 8.5 x 16 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 8.5 x 16 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.16
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Cap Merry und dunk Luftgriegelung venannter Parker, 1 August 1883 3 1/2 Morgen, no. 14.
1883 Size: 10 x 16 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 10 x 16 cm., 14 x 19 cm. sheet.F8.2.17
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
View between two icebergs with small igloo, dog, sled, and person visible in foreground.
1883 Size: 11 x 13.5 cm., 13 x 18 cm. sheet., Format: 1 drawing; 11 x 13.5 cm., 13 x 18 cm. sheet.F8.2.18
Boas family
  Size: 14 x 19.5 cm., 20 x 25 cm. sheet., Format: 1 photoprint; 14 x 19.5 cm., 20 x 25 cm. sheet.F8.2.19
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Icebergs and ice
  Size: 14 x 19 cm., Format: 1 drawing; 14 x 19 cm.F8.2.20
Franz Boas, about age 12, school group portrait
ca. 1870 Size: 5.5 x 7b3 print on 9.5 x 11b3 mount, Format: 1 photoprint; 5.5 x 7b3 print on 9.5 x 11b3 mountF11.1.1
Korber v. Freytag.
Altes Gymnasium, zu Minden i.W. (school of Franz Boas).
  Size: 6.75 x 9b3 image on 8.5 x 10b3 paper, Format: 1 print; 6.75 x 9b3 image on 8.5 x 10b3 paperF11.1.2
Franz Boas. Bust, "quite ugly." From magazine feature on Epstein busts at London show. Reverse side has more interesting full-page Zenith radio advertisement.
ca. 1937 Size: 10.25 x 12.25b3, Format: 1 print; 10.25 x 12.25b3F11.1.?
Cajetan, L..
Jonas Meyer
1853 Size: 6.75 x 7.5b3 print on 10.75 x 13.75b3 mount, Format: 1 lithograph; 6.75 x 7.5b3 print on 10.75 x 13.75b3 mountF11.1.3
Cajetan, L..
Henriette Menke Meyer.
1855 Size: 6.75 x 7.5b3 print on 10.75 x 13.75b3 mount, Format: 1 lithograph; 6.75 x 7.5b3 print on 10.75 x 13.75b3 mountF11.1.4
Eisberg, 28th of Juli 1883.
1883 July 28 
Franz Boas at banquet table with unidentified men, Mexico, 1912.
  
Stucken, Ferd..
Franz Boas, about age four.
ca. 1862 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.17
Stucken, Ferd..
Franz Boas, about age four, standing next to railing, holding hat.
ca. 1862 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.18
Franz Boas, about age eight, c.1.
ca. 1866 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.19
Franz Boas, about age eight, c.2.
ca. 1866 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.20
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas, age 10
1868 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.21
Haack, Friedrich.
Franz Boas with Hete and Anne
ca. 1873 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.22
Laufs, Toni.
Franz Boas as student
1878-1879 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.23
Schmidt and Wegener.
Franz Boas as student
1881 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.24
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas, "Franz as Freivillager"
1881-1882 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.25
Rice, F.H..
Franz Boas with Marie and Helene, reproduction
1890, n.d. Size: 4 x 5b3, Format: 1 photoprint; 4 x 5b3U4.1.26
Hering, Ernst.
Wilhelm Werke (Boas' companion on Arctic expedition)
ca. 1883 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 print; Carte de visiteU4.1.27
Sweers, M..
Wilhelm Werke, in Eskimo suit.
1883-1884 Size: Carte de visite, Format: 1 photoprint; Carte de visiteU4.1.28
Die Germania am 20. August (news clipping of engraving). Notation on clipping: "in Kibberton Harbor"
1883 Size: 4 x 5b3, Format: 1 photoprint; 4 x 5b3U4.1.29
Die Station furz vor dem Berlaffen derfelben (news clipping of engraving). Notation on clipping: German Weather St---Cumberland Sound 1883."
1883 Size: 4x5, Format: 1 print; 4x5U4.1.30
Boas, Franz, Oxford, England, 1912
1912 Size: 4x5, Format: 1 photoprint; 4x5U4.1.31
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Olden Times House 1: "Front end of the house finished to show the painting of killer whale and two true whales..."
ca. 1920 Size: 4.25 x 3b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 4.25 x 3b3 printU4.1.32
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Olden Times House 2: "show the side of the house how the Boards held up by two poles tied together and the Roof according to seoset (?) story"
ca. 1920 Size: 4.25 x 3b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 4.25 x 3b3 printU4.1.33
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Olden Times House 3: "side ways fram(e) of the house"
ca. 1920 Size: 4.25 x 3b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 4.25 x 3b3 printU4.1.34
Chow, Yucho.
George Hunt and Jonathan Hunt
ca. 1920 Size: 3 x 4b3 print in 3.5 x 5 cardboard mount, Format: 1 photoprint; 3 x 4b3 print in 3.5 x 5 cardboard mountU4.1.35
George Hunt at Fort Rupert, B.C.
ca. 1920 Size: 3.25 x 5b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 3.25 x 5b3 printU4.1.36
Bishop, Giles.
Inuit girl, about age four
ca. 1920 Size: 3.5 x 4b3 print on card mount cut to size, Format: 1 photoprint; 3.5 x 4b3 print on card mount cut to sizeU4.1.37

General physical description: Size: 3.5 x 4b3 print on card mount cut to size, Format: 1 photoprint; 3.5 x 4b3 print on card mount cut to size

Processing information: Previously misidentified as Kwakiutl or Innu.

Boas, Franz, in front of home in Grantwood, New Jersey
ca. 1920 Size: 2.75 x 4.5b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 2.75 x 4.5b3 printU4.1.38
Boas, Franz in Albrechts
ca. 1929 Size: 2.75 x 4b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 2.75 x 4b3 printU4.1.39
Franz Boas, "Celebration in Bonn."
1929 Size: 2.25 x 4.25b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 2.25 x 4.25b3 printU4.1.40
Franz Boas, "Bonn."
1929 Size: 21/4 x 41/8b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 21/4 x 41/8b3 printU4.1.41
Franz Boas and Thomas Hunt Morgan "year when he was president American Association of Advancement of Science."
1931 Size: 31/2 x 41/2b3 print, Format: 1 photoprint; 31/2 x 41/2b3 printU4.1.42
Franz Boas, at Cornwall Bridge, Conn., apparently late in life, seated in chair outdoors.
ca. 1942 Size: 4x5, Format: 1 photoprint; 4x5U4.1.46
Naegeli.
Franz Boas, portrait with buttoned jacket.
1884 Size: 4x5, Format: 1 photoprint; 4x5U4.1.48
Sophie Boas, seated, wearing full hoop skirt.
1888 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU4.1.55

General physical description: Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet card

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:5345

Naegeli.
Franz Boas with wife Marie, c.1.
1887 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.4
Naegeli.
Franz Boas with wife Marie, c.2.
1887 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.5
Rice, F.H..
Franz Boas, with Marie and Helene, original print.
1890 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.6
Rockwood, J.R..
Franz Boas with Gertrude, 3/4 view.
ca. 1895 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.7
Rockwood, J.R..
Franz Boas with Gertrude.
ca. 1895 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.8
Hulsenbeck, J..
Minden Views 1: House of grandparents Boas (Caroline and Feihus Boas).
ca. 1890 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.9
Minden Views 2: Rathaus, Minden i.W.
ca. 1900 Size: 3.5 x 5b3, Format: 1 postcard; 3.5 x 5b3U5.1.10
Minden Views 3: Rathaus, Minden i.W.
ca. 1900 Size: 4.5 x 6 print on 6.25 x 7.25b3 mount, Format: 1 photoprint; 4.5 x 6 print on 6.25 x 7.25b3 mountU5.1.11
Minden Views 4: Am Dom, Minden i.W.
ca. 1900 Size: 4.5 x 6b3 print on 6.25 x 7.25b3 mount, Format: 1 postcard; 4.5 x 6b3 print on 6.25 x 7.25b3 mountU5.1.12
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas in Eskimo costume (standing), c. 1 (original, encased in Mylar).
1883 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.13
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas in Eskimo costume (standing), c.2.
1883 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.14
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas in Eskimo costume (standing), c.3, reproduction.
1883 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.15
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas, in Eskimo costume (seated), c. 1 (original).
1883 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.16
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas in Eskimo costume (seated), c. 2 (reproduction).
1883 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.17
Wenzel, Theodor.
Wilhelm Weike and wife Mathilde, c. 1 (original).
1883 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.18
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Kitterton (?) Harbor, Cumberland Sound.
1883-1884 Size: 4 1/4 x 6 1/2b3 print on cardboard mount, Format: 1 photoprint; 4 1/4 x 6 1/2b3 print on cardboard mountU5.1.19
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
On a trip in the Arctic.
1883-1884 Size: 4.25 x 6.5b3 print on cardboard mount, Format: 1 photoprint; 4.25 x 6.5b3 print on cardboard mountU5.1.20
Bogardus, A..
Franz Boas, portrait.
1887 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.21
Smith.
Franz Boas, "World's Fair," 3/4 view portrait, c. 1.
1893 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.22
Smith.
Franz Boas, "World's Fair," 3/4 view portrait, c. 2 (missing lower right corner).
1893 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.23
Fechner, Wilh..
Franz Boas, profile view: "Seinem lieben Wilhelm Weike zur freundlich Erinnung (?) Franz Boas Sommer 1901."
1901 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.24
Gunther, Carl.
Franz Boas, portrait, c. 1.
1912 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.25
Gunther, Carl.
Franz Boas, portrait, c. 2
1912 Size: Cabinet card, Format: 1 photoprint; Cabinet cardU5.1.26
Bishop, Giles.
Inuit man, woman, and girl
ca. 1920 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.27

General physical description: Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7

Processing information: Previously misidentified as Kwakiutl.

Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
George Hunt and family, c. 1.
ca. 1930 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.28
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
George Hunt and family, c. 2 (missing corner top left; crease through center).
ca. 1930 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.29
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Kwakiutl Indians: Ceremonial masks.
ca. 1930 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.30
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Kwakiutl Indians: Ceremonial masks and costumes.
ca. 1930 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.31
Hulsenbeck, J..
Franz Boas and three others, all in German military uniform.
ca. 1881 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.32
Franz Boas with gathering of anthropologists: Fay-Cooper Cole, Robert H. Lowie, A.C. Aitken, and Alexander A. Goldenweiser.
ca. 1920 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.33
Franz Boas with Leo Sternberg, "former member of council of State Prussia walking on street in Bogoras, Russia.
ca. 1930 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.34
Franz Boas, 70th birthday, Cornwall Bridge, seated in chair outdoors.
1928 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.35
Franz Boas, 70th birthday, Cornwall Bridge, Conn., with Marie and grandchildren, outdoors (1).
1928 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.36
Franz Boas, 70th birthday, Cornwall Bridge, Conn., with Marie, children, and grandchildren, outdoors (2).
1928 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.37
Franz Boas, with grandsons Robert and Philip Yampolsky at Grantwood, N.J.
ca. 1940 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.38
Summer home at Bolton, Lake George, New York. (2).
ca. 1920 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.39
Summer home at Bolton, Lake George, New York. (3) Small outbuilding, "Boas' study."
ca. 1920 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.40
Fechner, Wilh..
Marie Boas, about age 40, seated, 3/4 view.
ca. 1900 Size: 5x7, Format: 1 photoprint; 5x7U5.1.41
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eisberg, 28 Juli 1883
1883 Size: 5x7, Format:;5x7U5.1.42
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Fjord von Kekurtalunkdjuaki
1883 Size: 5x7, Format:;5x7U5.1.43
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Nenelung, Angiukak von Karsakgischen. NNW, Angiukak, 1400 meter.
1184 Size: 5x7, Format:;5x7U5.1.44
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Eingang zu Pagnirtung, Cumberland Sund.
ca. 1883 Size: 5x7, Format:;5x7U5.1.45
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Ursualtlung (American Harbor) von SW gischen.
ca. 1883 Size: 5x7, Format:;5x7U5.1.46
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Cape Searle (Kachodluin) von S. gischen (Katingujang and Nuvukshin)
ca. 1883 Size: 5x7, Format:;5x7U5.1.47
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Map of Baffinland
ca. 1884 1 map, 71.6 x 95.25 cm [irregular] ; Size: 71.6 x 95.25 cm [irregular], Format:;1 mapExtra Oversized
Photographs
  
#1. photographs
 3--1 1/2 x 2 1/2 inch; 1--3 1/2 x 4 inch

Abstract: Black and white photographs of pure albino Hawaiians

General physical description: 3--1 1/2 x 2 1/2 inch; 1--3 1/2 x 4 inch

#2. Susman, Amelia L..
photographs
1940 

Abstract: Black and white photographs by Amelia Susman and William Beynon of Tsimshian sculptures, carvings, and totems, Port Simpson, British Columbia.


Personal Name(s): Beynon, William, 1888-1958

Gnawing beaver totem
1940 
Microfilm
  
Reel 1
1878 February 24-1889 January 31 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 1
Reel 2
1889 February 1 - 1894 April 30 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 2
Reel 3
1894 May 1 - 1898 December 30 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 3
Reel 4
1899 January 5 - 1903 March 26 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 4
Reel 5
1903 April 2 - 1904 December 30 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 5
Reel 6
1905 January 2 - 1906 January 24 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 6
Reel 7
1906 January 24 - 1907 January 4 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 7
Reel 8
1907 January 4 - 1907 December 10 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 8
Reel 9
1907 December 11 - 1908 December 4 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 9
Reel 10
1908 December 5 - 1909 November 30 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 10
Reel 11
1909 December 9 - 1911 February 17 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 11
Reel 12
1911 February 17 - 1912 September 12 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 12
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1912 September 13 - 1913 June 14 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 13
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1913 June 11 - 1914 February 20 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 14
Reel 15
1914 February 20 - 1915 April 16 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 15
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1915 April 16 - 1916 October 15 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 16
Reel 17
1916 October 16 - 1917 May 31 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 17
Reel 18
1917 June 1 - 1918 March 31 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 18
Reel 19
1918 April 1 - 1919 April 2 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 19
Reel 20
1919 April 3 - 1920 February 19 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 20
Reel 21
1920 February 19 - 1920 July 31 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 21
Reel 22
1920 August 1 - 1920 July 31 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 22
Reel 23
1920 November 26 - 1922 December 29 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 23
Reel 24
1923 Juanuary 9 - 1924 February 29 1.0 Reel(s) Reel 24
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